Carotenes absorb light energy and transfer it to form chlorophyll.

Carotenoids are also present in fruits and vegetables, like carrots, bananas, corn, etc.

Chlorophylls and Carotenoids - Biology Pages

The primary odor constituents derived from carotenoids areC13 - C11 - C10 - and C9derivatives formed via enzymatic oxidation and photo-oxidation of thevarious carotenoids found in plants, flowers and fruits. While otheraroma constituents such as esters, terpenes, pyrazines, etc. areusually also present, these C9 to C13 compoundsoften are essential to the odor profile. Above you will see a commonoxidative fragmentation pattern (shown for beta-Carotene).

Chlorophylls and Carotenoids ..



What is the Function of Accessory Pigments?

To understand their function, it is necessary to know the , that plays an important role in the process of photosynthesis.

Chlorophyll in the leaves covers the carotenoids, and therefore leaves are green in color during summer.

How Do Color Pigments Function?
Chlorophyll pigments are present in majority in an active leaf during summer.


Chlorophyll is a green pigment and carotenoids are yellow, ..

Lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomato products, preventsoxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and reducesthe risk of developing atherosclerosis and coronary heart diseaseaccording to a recent study published in the October 1998 issue ofLipids (Agarwal, S., and Rao A.V.; Tomato lycopene and low-densitylipoprotein oxidation: a human dietary intervention study. Lipids,33, 981-984 (1998). This study showed that daily consumptionof tomato products providing at least 40 mg of lycopene was enough tosubstantially reduce low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. HighLDL oxidation is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosisand coronary heart disease. This lycopene level can be achieved bydrinking just two glasses of tomato juice a day. Research shows thatlycopene in tomatoes can be absorbed more efficiently by the body ifprocessed into tomato juice, sauce, paste and ketchup. The boundchemical form of lycopene found in tomatoes is converted by thetemperature changes involved in processing to make it more easilyabsorbed by the body. Ongoing research suggests that lycopene canreduce the risk of prostate cancer and cancers of the lung, bladder,cervix and skin.

The importance of photosynthesis is that ..

Amongst these, chlorophyll has various types such as chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b (found in green algae), and chlorophyll c (found in members of Chromista and dinoflagellates).

What Are Carotenoids? - Live Science

There are different kinds present in plants that have been discovered recently.

What are Accessory Pigments?

Photosynthetic pigments are broadly categorized into three classes.

Consume More Carotenoids for Improved Skin & Eye …


This chain type is frequently found in several lipid forms, either isolated or combinedwith other chemical structures. A series of long-chain methylated alkanes (more than 23carbon atoms), saturated or with one double bond, were identified in settlingparticles and surface sediments from Japanese lakes and were shown to beproduced by planktonic bacteria being thus useful molecular markers (). Laboratory experiments havedemonstrated that -alkanes up to C35 may be formed in the laboratoryunder hydrothermal conditions (Fischer-Tropsch-type reactions) from formic acidor oxalic acid ().These results support the theory of the origin of life in hydrothermal systems.
Methoxyalkanes have been identified on bodies or silk of spiders :1-methoxy-16,20,24,28-tetramethylhentriacontane and1-methyl-2,24-dimethyloctacosane ().
It must be noticed that highly branched and unsaturated (2-5 double bonds)isoprenoids are widespread components in marine sediments (review by). The identification of C25 and evenof C30 highly branched isoprenoid alkenes in diatoms () have clearly established that they are the source ofthese compounds found in sediments.
Among the saturated isoprenoids found in geological sediments and oils, the mostfrequent are pristane (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane) and phytane (2,6,10,14-tetramethylhexadecane). Both compounds can be generateddiagenetically from the phytol side chain of chlorophyll. Pristane may alsoderive from the side chain of tocopherols while phytane is also generated byArchaea.