In enzymology, a starch synthase ..

"Starch and oligosaccharide synthesis from uridine diphosphate glucose"

Leloir LF, de Fekete MA, Cardini CE (1961)

Smythe C and Cohen P (1991) The discovery of glycogenin and the priming mechanism for glycogen biosynthesis. European Journal of Biochemistry 200: 625–631.

Most of the triose phosphate synthesised in chloroplasts is converted to either sucrose or starch

The roles of these enzymes in starch synthesis have been studied, ..

Zieve FJ and Glinsmann WH (1973) Activation of glycogen synthetase and inactivation of phosphorylase kinase by the same phosphoprotein phosphatase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 50(3): 872–878.

Regulation of Starch Biosynthesis in Response to a Fluctuating Environment Plant Physiology

Knowing the similaritiesbetween it and nitrocellulose, and having performed the synthesis of nitrocellulosenumerous times before, it was realizedthat nitro starch could be made in a similar way, and so experiments wereperformed to find outexactly how.

Spatiotemporal Profiling of Starch Biosynthesis and Degradation in the Developing Barley Grain Plant Physiology


Or clidk on the model on the right above

The role of glycogenin in glycogen synthesis. Glycogenin is a protein that constitutes the nucleation centre for the formation of glycogen. The protein possesses self‐glucosylating activity that attaches 6–8 glucose residues in α(1,4)‐linkage to the hydroxyl group of a tyrosine (Tyr) residue in the protein. Following attachment of the glucose residues the complex becomes a substrate for further addition of glucose residues via the actions of glycogen synthase and glycogen branching enzyme.

Glycogen, Starch and Sucrose Synthesis

Larner J (1990) Insulin and the stimulation of glycogen synthesis. The road from glycogen structure to glycogen synthase to cyclic AMP‐dependent protein kinase to insulin mediators. Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology 63: 173–231.