Phd Thesis On Intellectual Property Rights
Three assumptions seem to me to be unnecessary andrestrictive. And they are not essential to Hardin'sfundamental thesis. When they are removed, his argument can begiven a more general statement, namely, that human behavior(whether it is thought to be grounded in economic self-interestor in the traditional moral ideal of self-denying altruism, inconservatism or liberalism, or in religious or secular humanism)incorporates inbuilt feed-back mechanisms which tend to causeconstant economic growth and a steady increase in the humanpopulation.
A General Statement of the Tragedy of the Commons
However, avoiding the cruel coercion of nature cannot beachieved as if by miracle or accident. Admittedly, the tendencieswhich support unlimited growth and which are built into thepatterns of human behavior do not inevitably produce growth. Butthey will do so unless opposing causes can be made topredominate. By analogy, the tendencies to growth are like awindow opened on a cold winter's day. A comfortable roomtemperature cannot be maintained by opening more windows anddoors to the cold air outside. Unless more fuel is added to thefire or unless glass traps the sun's heat inside, the roomwill cool down. Similarly steady growth cannot be countered bydoing more of what has caused the growth in the first place. Toavoid the cruel coercion of nature, society must discovercontrols which are warranted empirically by their ability toprevent growth in population and to stop the destruction of theEarth's biosystem by steady increases in the exploitation ofbiological resources.
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Phd Thesis On Intellectual Property
Only stubborn and muddled thinkers, however, can make believethat the world is infinite. The delusion of its infinity blindsthem to the fact that all human activity must take place withinthe narrow range of resource use that the Earth can sustain. Theethical implications of the Earth's finitude are made clearin one of the world's great essays.
Intellectual property thesis topics by Helen Jones - issuu
The author conducts a simple-seeming thought experiment inwhich he proves that any ethics is mistaken if it allows agrowing population steadily to increase its exploitation of theecosystem which supports it. Such an ethics is incoherent becauseit leads to the destruction of the biological resources on whichsurvival depends; it lets people act in ways that make allfurther ethical behavior impossible. The essay in which thisfundamental flaw in modern Western moral thinking is demonstratedis Garrett Hardin's "The Tragedy of the Commons"(1968).
Thesis statement on intellectual property | Taco Casa Bali
Activists in environmental causes as well as professionals inethics have long applauded Hardin's essay. But then they goon to ignore its central thesis. They accept the environmentalgoals and then, acting as if the essay had never been written,recommend behavior which will cause the environmental commons tocollapse. Consequently Hardin's refutation of traditionalmoral thinking still seems to be not understood. And the needremains to give the tragedy of the commons a more generalstatement -- one which can clarify its revolutionary character,one which can convince a wide public of the correctness of itsmethod and principles.
How to Write a Thesis Statement
The democratic peace proposition has been lurking in Western thought for millennia, as shows, but provides its first modern formulation. The idea that global democracy would provide a solid foundation for global peace was restated in 1917 by Woodrow Wilson as a justification for American entry into World War I and then as part of his vision for a new world order. Modern political science first observed the dyadic democratic peace—that democracies tend not to fight each other—in the 1970s. The observation enjoyed greater attention in the 1980s in particular in two pathbreaking 1983 essays by Michael Doyle, reprinted in . It received fuller theoretical and empirical attention in the 1990s. , a famous argument that humanity had reached “the end of history,” incorporates the democratic peace proposition. Other scholars sought to develop the theory and push forward more advanced research designs in works such as ; ; and . In the 2000s, proponents of the democratic peace responded to their critics and embedded the democratic peace in a broader Kantian peace ().