Recently our research came across the work of

According to Guba (1990), research paradigms can be characterised through their:

Great for independent student research projects.

They can be underpinned by one of a number of research paradigms (e.g., interpretivism, constructivism, critical theory, amongst many other research paradigms).

A number of resources (below) provide excellent guidance on the development of research questions.

Research Methodology will be available on

31. Find opportunities to discuss your research with your friends andcolleagues. Listen carefully to their questions. See if you are able topresent your research in a clear and coherent manner. Are there aspectsof your research that are particularly confusing and need further explanation?Are there things that you forgot to say? Could you change the order ofthe information presented and have it become more understandable?

30. The most obvious suggestion is the one seldom followed. Try to attendone or more defenses prior to yours. Find out which other studentsare defending their research and sit in on their defense. In many departmentsthis is expected of all graduate students. If this is not the case foryou, check with your adviser to see that you can get an invitationto attend some defenses.


Research Methodology 101 will be available on

Can you use the ontology and epistemology at the same time in the dissertation? Example say ontology of power is socially constructed and my epistemology to explain power is what?

What is now understood that was less well understoodbefore?

I have suggested that Pragmatism is a philosophy particularly suited to the digital world, and especially suitable for research into Digital and New Literacies. This is due to its focus on the provisionality of knowledge and truth, as well as the communitarian and democratic values upon which it is based. Pragmatism as a methodology is interested in the ‘cash-value’ of propositions and theories and does not see theory and practice as separate spheres. Instead, as Dewey indicated, it is the choice between intelligent practice and uninformed practice. In this section I give an overview of some of the leading Pragmatists, outline the modifications and improvements they have suggested, as well as indicate debates and disagreements between them. From each I will take away a number of ‘guiding statements’ which result in a series of ten such statements which will guide the subsequent work in this thesis.

Thesis Research Methodology Interview

28. Potentially the silliest part of the dissertation is the Suggestionsfor Further Research section. This section is usually written atthe very end of your writing project and little energy is left to makeit very meaningful. The biggest problem with this section is that the suggestionsare often ones that could have been made prior to you conducting your research.Read and reread this section until you are sure that you have made suggestionsthat emanate from your experiences in conducting the research and the findingsthat you have evolved. Make sure that your suggestions for further researchserve to link your project with other projects in the future and providea further opportunity for the reader to better understand what you havedone.

interviews - Research-Methodology

27. If you are including a Conclusions/Implications section in yourdissertation make sure you really present conclusions and implications.Often the writer uses the conclusions/implications section to merely restatethe research findings. Don't waste my time. I've already read the findingsand now, at the Conclusion/Implication section, I want you to help me understandwhat it all means. This is a key section of the dissertation and is sometimesbest done after you've had a few days to step away from your research andallow yourself to put your research into perspective. If you do this youwill no doubt be able to draw a variety of insights that help link yourresearch to other areas. I usually think of conclusions/implications asthe "So what" statements. In other words, what are the key ideasthat we can draw from your study to apply to my areas of concern.