The nature of knowledge and knowledge management have given rise ...

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Journal of Knowledge Management 2:5-13.

The Office of Science provides the scientific expertise needed to support regulatory decisions, reviews tobacco product applications, evaluates the knowledge base for regulatory decisions, and carries out research to fill the gaps in scientific knowledge related to tobacco product regulation. To accomplish this, the Office conducts product-related, toxicological, clinical, consumer behavior, epidemiological, and consumer perception research regarding the initiation, use, cessation, and adverse health impact of tobacco products. Currently, the Office seeks candidates who have advanced education (Ph.D., M.D., or equivalent) and experience relevant to methods of reporting and analyzing constituent concentrations in tobacco products; analysis of exposure parameters in diverse tobacco-using populations; the toxicological basis of dose-response relationships between constituents and tobacco-related disease; assessing the risks of tobacco products to users and nonusers; human health risk assessment modeling; qualitative and quantitative research on the impacts of product labeling, advertising, or marketing on consumer perceptions and behaviors; epidemiology in both clinical studies and large surveys evaluating the impact of tobacco product use on biomarkers of exposure and disease.

Knowledge management has raised high expectations. In the OECD survey (2003)the following widely perceived expectations have been cited:
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Master Thesis On Knowledge Management - 253128 - …

When a physician uses the computer system to enter a medication order, the integrated system automatically references the patient’s medical record for drug allergies and alerts the physician. Queries can be made providing more information about the patient’s medical history. Additional information regarding drug interactions, efficacy and expense of ordered medications, as well as alternative drugs is also provided to assist the physician in making care decisions. The system provides physicians with recommendations based on the information, however doctors retain the ability to override these recommendations if they choose. Beyond medication ordering, this system also provides additional information and alerts related to clinical decision-making, referrals, and event detection (Davenport & Glaser, 2002).

In terms of the current international system, Bobbitt argues that it is transitioning from an order of nation-states to market-states.
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Based on these 10 definitions of KM it is possible to conclude that KM hasthe goal to govern the creation, collection, organization, sharing,dissemination, storing knowledge that can be used to solve problems and makedecisions.

Theuse of intelligent tools/systems and experts to transform the information inknowledge (contextualization) and then in intelligence ).
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Thus, the knowledge management system …

Burns (2003) warns that knowledge management systems should not use technology to reduce the knowledge generated through collaboration to documents in a database. Technology can be best used as a tool to provide opportunities for online interactions and access to innovations created through group interactions. While technology can be an important support to collaboration in such groups, some may argue that electronic communication should not replace the face-to-face, social relationships that are inherent to true collaborative communities (Winer, Rushby, & Vazquez-Abad, 1999).

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Zopler (1999) provides confirmation that the objectives of performance support and knowledge management are the same: “to provide the useful knowledge to employees in order to effect business improvement” (Overview section, ¶ 1). In an attempt to clarify the relationship between performance support and knowledge management, Zopler presents the Blended Knowledge Delivery (BKD) Model. Within this model, electronic performance support (EPS) and knowledge management (KM) are combined with two additional forms of knowledge delivery, human performance support (HPS) and internalized knowledge (IK). According to Zopler, knowledge delivered via EPS is very task-specific and has already been organized or distilled into a readily usable form whereas KM attempts to provide performers with tools to access, organize and structure knowledge from various sources making up a knowledge pool. Additionally, HPS represents the formal, structured knowledge that is gained through human interactions, while IK is the tacit knowledge already retained by individuals. These additional knowledge delivery mechanisms relate closely to the widely accepted premise of the importance of people-to-people interaction to the generation of tacit knowledge within knowledge management systems.

Phd Thesis Content Management System

From an historical perspective, the shifts from the y generation to xgeneration and from the Industrial Society to Knowledge Society have beeninfluenced by the social, demographic, organizational, technologicalrevolutions and the development of collaboration networks (Web 2.0),underlining the changes about the role of the state and its leading roletowards Web 3.0, the era of connected Intelligence. In particular, the passagefrom a management model (New Public Management), that concentrates knowledge inthe higher levels of the , towards anetworking model, that transfers and creates "knowledge" withoutlimits, but mainly without an accurate Knowledge Management -KM andorganizational Intelligence. Because it was a passage based mainly on technology,the KM based on human resources and OI were left in the background, creating anoverload of information. This study presents a model of Knowledge Managementand organizational Intelligence for Public Administration (KM-OI) that draws onthe works of Angelis (2013). The goal of this KM-OI framework is to identifyinfluential environmental factors that can be used to guide a KM plan anddevelopment efforts of public administrations worldwide.