Poverty dynamics among the Dalits of Tarai - …

Comparative Study of Dalit Education in Nepal - …

Comparative Study of Dalit Education in Nepal

The international community has been heavily involved in supporting Nepal's democratic transition and making progress toward the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. UNDP's Nepal Human Development Report 2009 found that the underlying causes of conflict have not been resolved (such as poverty and discrimination on the basis of caste and ethnicity), nor have most of the consequences of the conflict (for example, 50,000-70,000 people were thought to still be displaced). Although the UN estimates that poverty in Nepal dropped from 42% in 1996 to approximately 25% in 2009, that trend was not sustained; recent estimates indicate that a quarter of the population are still below the poverty line. Nepal's governance and development challenges have been exacerbated by frequent changes in government and the absence of elected local bodies since 2002.

This seems to be true in Nepal where Dalits, the group at the bottom of the caste system, is also the group with the highest poverty rates.


In context of the above mentioned provisions the Ministryof Home Affairs has to work as the apex body in relation to disaster managementin Nepal. Formulation of national policies and their implementation,preparedness and mitigation of disaster, immediate rescue and relief works,data collection and dissemination, collection and distribution of funds andresources are the vital functions of the Ministry. It has its networkthroughout the country to cope with the natural disasters. There are 75administrative districts in the country and each district there is the ChiefDistrict Officer as the district administrator who acts as thecrisis manager at the time of naturaldisasters. Thus, the Ministry of Home Affairs is the key agency for immediateresponse during disasters and has to play a leading role in managing thenatural disasters in the country.

Bypublishing a notification in the Nepal Gazette HisMajesty's Government may constitute the Regional Natural Disaster ReliefCommittee, District Natural Disaster Relief Committee and Local NaturalDisaster Relief Committee in order to undertake the natural disaster reliefwork. The working procedure of such committees and the term of office of themembers shall be as specified in the said notice. Albeit, there is theprovision of the Regional Natural Disaster Relief Committee and Local NaturalDisaster Relief Committee nothing has been mentioned regarding the compositionof these two committees in the Act. In fact, these committees are like dormantagencies.

Schooling and the Dalits of Nepal: a case study of ..

Besidesthe above the Government of Japan provides various inputs such as gabion wiresfor river control, GI sheets for school buildings and other accessories fromtime to time. In such a way, till now, Japan stands at the first position toassist Nepal in the field of disaster management.

Within the Dalit community of Nepal, ..

TheGovernment of Japan is contineously providing assistance particularly in thearea of capacity building. It helped in establishing Water Induced DisasterPrevention Technical Centre (DPTC) in October, 1991. The main objective of thecentre has been to promote prevention/mitigation of water induced disasters inNepal and to strengthen capability of His Majesty's Government of Nepal to copewith water induced disasters through technology development, provision oftraining and establishment of database. DPTC has been established as a jointundertaking of concerned agencies of HMG/N with the Ministry of Water Resourcesas leading agency while the Government of Japan had cooperated through JICA forthe initial five years from the date of agreement i.e. 7 October 1991. From 8October, 1996 the activities of DPTC was extended upto the end of March, 1999.31 March 1999 to 2 September 1999 there was preparatory works between DPTC andJICA for the finalization of the second phase of the project. In 2 September1999 His Majesty's Government of Nepal and the Government of Japan entered intoan agreement to launch Disaster Mitigation Support Programme as the secondphase of the project for a period of five years. The total cost of the projecthas been estimated to be about NRs. 480.00 million.

Poverty of Dalit Community in Nepal Caused by caste …

Duringthe early Nineties, UNDP/UNDRO/UNDTCD provided technical as well as financialassistance in improving the institutional capacity of the Ministry of HomeAffairs, the focal point of disaster management in Nepal, through with a view to strengthen the institution anddevelop manpower. At the same time the Government of France provided assistanceto the Department of Mines & Geology to establish 17 microseismic stationsto record the magnitude of the earthquake.

Ph.D Thesis, Chapter-3 | Dalit | Caste

Someparts of the country face the problem of drought. Uneven and irregular monsoonicrainfall is the main factor of drought. The mountainous region (the northernbelt) of Nepal is generally dry. The lack of irrigation facilities make theproblem even more serious as prolonged drought condition has adverse effect incrop production. The drought of 1994 affected 35 districts of the countrydestroying the agricultural crops cultivated in 157, 628 hectares of land.