Adoption of organic farming systems in Missouri

Scale matters: the impact of organic farming on biodiversity at different spatial scales.

Barriers to the adoption of organic farming in Canterbury

Farmers markets often provide a venue for organic agriculture, but they rarely use ecological sustainability as a criterion for allowing producer participation, and such markets may also include organic foods harvested from industrial monoculture (Payne 2002).

Pest control was the main technical problem for organic farmers, particularly control of crop weeds

Sustaility Free Full Text Adoption Of Organic Farming As

It appears from analysis that strategic logics carried out by farmers in farming systems’ adoption are the result of a combination of explanatory factors.

Although the use of organo-chemical fertilizer is recommended in SCMIA system, more than 50% of SCMIA farmers apply only chemical fertilizer.

Two assumptions were made in this study regarding thebiological transition effect. One was no reduction in yield andthe other was a 30% reduction in the first year of transitionfollowed by a linear recovery trajectory in three years. It mightbe argued that if the farm is operated by a very skillfulmanager, the yields under conventional management would be higherthan the organic yields. The fact that the Kutztown farm's yieldsexceed county and state averages suggest that the converseargument could also be made. However, since there is no objectiveway to compare the farm's soil productivity with that of thecounty average or to select comparable yields for the differentmanagement systems on this farm, the present study initiallyassumed equal yields, except for hay crops. Organic alfalfa isassumed to be established with a nurse crop (a small grain), withno hay cut in the established year. After the establishment year,organic alfalfa is assumed to yield 7.5 metric tons of hay perhectare for three years of full stand. Conventional alfalfa isassumed to be established without a nurse crop, yielding 3.75metric tons of hay per hectare in the establishment year. It isthen assumed to stand for two years, yielding 7.5 metric tons perhectare per year. A similar reasoning applies for timothy/ clover.

A multi-disciplinary approach was used to focus on barriers to the adoption of organic farming by Canterbury cereal crop and livestock farmers.

The economic implications of organic farming ..

Because such solutions are often reductionist, they may engender additional problems, such as new and more virulent pests, pesticide accumulation in nontarget organisms, and pesticide-related public health impacts (Naylor and Ehrlich 1997, Letourneau and Bothwell 2008), such as increased levels of attention deficit disorder in children in farming communities (Marks et al.

adoption of certified organic farming is not an easy ..

The suggestions offered by respondents to overcome the listed problems were there should be more number of field visits, demonstrations etc, by extension workers as well as experts in organic farming (81.66%), the key organic inputs like compost, cakes, and manures should be available in large quantities at low cost in time (75.00%), the data on market intelligence of organic Red gram marketing should be strengthened (81.66%), produce may be certified by formation of groups (65.83%), high price may be fixed for organic Red gram produce to differentiate between organic and conventional farmers profitability (87.50%) and more number of informative programmes specific to organic Red gram production should be broadcasted through different mass media channels (83.33%) and bio pesticides and bio fertilisers, pheromone traps and light traps should be available in time for effective management of pest population (83.33%) and to provide more on-farm demonstrations regarding input preparation to the farmers by extension agent (66.66%).

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A majority of the respondents were perceived that the problems like lack of regular visits by extension workers to give guidance to farmers on organic Red gram farming (87.50%), increased cost of cultivation (83.33%), the market intelligence on organic Red gram farming is weak among the farmers (81.66%), complex and costly certification process (79.76%), low yield in organic farming practices (75.00%), and minimal usage of various channels for communication to disseminate the information on organic Red gram farming, lack of recommended low cost technologies for organic Red gram farming (70.83%) and (69.16%) of the respondents were faced constraints on non availability of organic inputs in critical time (Bio-pesticides, Bio-agents and Pheromone traps).

Highlights There is spatial diffusion of organic farming in Norway

Correlation analysis between profile characteristics revealed that the independent variables viz., education, farm size, farming experience, socio-economic status, annual income, training received, risk orientation, extension contact, input availability, and perceived attributes were found positively and significantly related with the level of knowledge about the recommended package of practices in organic Red gram cultivation where as farming experience, training received, extension contact input availability and perceived attributes were found positively and significantly related with extent of adoption of recommended package of practices of organic Red gram cultivation.