Achilles' rage is a major catalyst in the action in the Iliad.

Both destiny and divine intervention are intertwined in Homer's The Iliad.

Hector is portrayed as the perfect hero in The Iliad....

2. Is the Iliad historically accurate?

It depends on what you mean by "historically accurate." Modernhistorians generally agree that the Iliad reflects a set ofhistorical events, but disagree about the relationship of theIliad to those events. Most historians accept that at somepoint around 1250-1200 BC the city of Troy was destroyed by a raidingparty from the Greek mainland. Most also believe that the poem, whileprobably wrong in most of its historical details, reflects somehistorical realities from the Late Bronze Age and Dark Ages (1200 -900 BC) which are consistent with the archaeological record.

Therefore, The Iliad reveals a man sometimes controls his destiny....


PHOIBOS APOLLO: the archer god,cause of plagues, god ofprophecy and a divine singer; the son of Zeus and Leto; a partisan oftheTrojans. In the opening scene of the Iliad, he sends a plagueuponthe Achaians because Agamemnon has dishonored his priest,Chryses. Later, he helps Hektor in the killing of Patroklos, and, in the finalbook,his complaint about the treatment of Hektor’s corpse leads the gods toarrangethe ransom of the body by Priam.

Though they could not agree about the details of his life, ancientGreeks did not doubt that there was a poet named Homer who hadwritten the Iliad, the Odyssey, and possibly a numberof other poems. Many modern scholars dispute even this. Scholars inthe last two hundred years have established that the Iliad andOdyssey are products of a long oral tradition which becamefixed sometime in the eighth century BC. How exactly the poems tooktheir final shape (Was it the work of one person or several? Did theprocess involve writing?) is still a matter of speculation.


The Iliad is a marvelous piece of work.

This amphora, now in the Athens National Museum, dates to about760 BC, the time when the Iliad and Odyssey were takingshape. This piece is typical of large (5 foot tall) geometricamphorae which were used as tomb markers in the cemeteries justoutside Athens. Most of the vase is decorated with intricategeometric designs, except for two bands of stylized animals on theneck, and the central mourning scene between the two handles. Thecentral scene depicts the part of a Greek funeral known as theprothesis, or laying out of the body. The corpse is shownlying on a funeral bed, surrounded by mourners who are lamenting andtearing out their hair. The scene may depict a contemporary funeral,or that of a hero from the mythic past.

The gods take sides in the Iliad.

In the Iliad, powerful gods, great nations, and heroic people all fight for different reasons. Each has private motivations to fight the war. These private motivations are of special interest, because they help define the consequences and outcomes of the war. The universal war of the gods, social war of the Greeks and Trojans, and the war for Achilles' honor are private motivations of the Trojan war. These private motivations seem to influence and shape each other in many distinct ways....

What is the role of the gods in The Iliad?

This is the time contemporary to the "historical" events describedin the Iliad and Odyssey.
2. Proto-Geometric and Geometric periods (1050-750)

QUICK! I need a thesis statement for Achilles, in The Iliad.?

Greeks (called Argives, Danaans and Achaians by Homer)
ACHILLEUS: leader of the Myrmidons andcentral character of theIliad; son of the goddess, Thetis, and the warrior, Peleus.