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UACES is the academic association for contemporary European Studies
Several early observations (they are hardly "conclusions") emergefrom research conducted thus far. The notion that certain parts of Sicily stillgenetically reflect the influence of specific ancient peoples (Phoenicians, Greeks) has beenlargely disproven, yet certain small, relatively-isolated towns seem to be markedby a predominance of one medieval group or another (Arab, Norman). Leaving asidespecialized studies, if we consider the major Y haplogroups, Sicily'spopulation-genetic distribution is somewhat similar (though by no meansidentical) to mainland Italy's. If only approximately the proportions are: JGroup (J1, J2, etc.) 35%, R Group (primarily R1b) 25%, I Group 15%, K Group 10%,H Group 10%, Others (E, T, G, etc.) 5%. Along female lines, Sicilians' descent from the seems to be distributed fairly equally, but much more data mustbe collected in this area. These factors (and scholarly studies) all point to theisland's multi-peopling as the main cause of its genetic diversity.
Hybrid Organisations as Creative Intermediaries Negotiating Public, Private and Cultural Values! Branding the Cosmopolitan City. THE city without jews. Our network consists of 81 Local Groups in 31 countries, reaching out to 60 000 students. Aleksandra Skowron, phytoplankton-zooplankton interactions in trophic structure of Sulejow Reservoir: does master pressure of zooplankton limit cyanobacterial bloom, does bloom limits the zooplankton pressure? Istanbul European Capital of Culture 2010. The space of place Le Flow: French Hip Hop cultural practice, policy, and the city. Grzyb Anna Green areas in the city space structure as a key factor for inhabitants health. Master Thesis European Urban Cultures (polis 79p. The Tensions in Management or Managing Tensions. Osiecki Radosaw Influence of nanoparticles on the condition of water and terrestrial organisms in the aspect of ecotoxicological research. The changing position of pop music in the contemporary city (based on case studies in Manchester, Tilburg Oslo). Ruciska Aleksandra Recognition of nutrients transport dynamics along the Pilica river and identification of point thesis source pollutions in its catchment for elaboration of a strategy against eutrophication and degradation of water resources. Master Thesis European Urban Cultures (polis 80p. Dear Future Student, Joining our highly acclaimed master program is an important turning point for your future. Indeterminate cultural spaces and the city (a case study in Helsinki, Brussels, Berlin).
Postgraduate institute of European studies | College of Europe
About 72,000 years ago, the effects of a major volcanic eruption (Toba) withglobal consequences killed off many humans. By some estimates, as few as 2,000humans survived the disaster --in Africa. They were already making simplejewelry. Art was a reflection of the modern mind, and early culture. Thedivergence of humans into regionalised groups with their own particular geneticcharacteristics, often in response to climatic conditions, mutations or disease,generally took place at some point after this. At least this is suggested bygenetic evidence. According to the best estimates, it was probably only around45,000 to 40,000 BC (BCE) that a large group settled permanently in Europe,though they had already established a permanent presence in the Middle East andcertain eastern and central Mediterranean coastal areas. By 25,000 BC, if notearlier, groups of humans could be identified, albeit very generally, by theircultures and superficial physical characteristics. (Comparative linguisticstudies, though useful, enlighten us about only much more recent historicalperiods, written language being a relatively recent development.)
EIPA - Master of European Legal Studies (MELS Online)
Some simple examples of this immigration and residence information are inorder. Towns such as Palermo, Castrogiovanni (Enna), Calascibetta, Caltanissetta,Caltagirone, Caltabellotta,Racalmuto, Favara, Mistretta, Marsala, Mussomeli and Misilmeri were eitherfounded by Arabs or grew considerably under Arab domination, and bore Arabicnames (under the Greeks Palermo, from the Arabic Bal'harm, was Panormos). Thespecific mention of Arabs and the presence of Arabic given names and surnames wasevident in these places long after Frederick II banished a few thousand Arabs ofwestern Sicily to Apulia. As regards Jews present in many Sicilian localitiesuntil 1492, those who converted usually continued to name their childrenaccording to tradition (hence Abramo, Beniamino, Isacco, etc.) and to practiceprofessions traditionally associated with Jews in Sicily (dyers, bankers). Manyassumed distinctive surnames (Siino for Zion, Rabino for Rabbi) indicating aJewish orgin. Similar generalities about the permanence of Phoenician,Carthaginian, Greek and Roman populations in Sicily are valid. Where are thesepeoples today? Genetically (so to speak), they are represented in the modernSicilians --an amalgamated group of European and Mediterranean peoples. However,as we shall see, genetics and ethnic identity are two distinct ideas.
European Studies Master Thesis - …
The idea of genetic testing in general populations is thata particular gene marker, based on a mutation, is identified with a certainfrequency in samples from the two (or more) populations being compared. Broadlydefined, population genetics is the study of the distribution of, and change in,allele frequencies in particular populations. (Allele frequency is a term used indescribing the genetic diversity of any species population.) There are also,strictly speaking, phenotype and genotype frequencies, but we'll leave thescientific complexities to the scientists.