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The Vancouver style was first defined by a meeting of medical journal editors in Vancouver, Canada, in 1978. These guidelines follow the principles given in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and editing for biomedical publication published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in 2004 and the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 9th edition, 1998. These publications constitute authoritative international guides to Vancouver publication standards and style.
Vancouver Style uses a notational method of referencing when referring to a source of information within the text of a document. In its simplest form, a citation is given consisting of a number in superscript format or enclosed by parentheses.
Only a partial title and the page number are necessary, located in the upper or lower right, providing it is consistent.
Since the Vancouver style is generally only used for submitting medical articles to medical journals (so, unless you are a doctor, or about to be, you may never use this), the title page follows a strict guideline. First is the title of the paper, centered. The title should be short, however a longer descriptive title may follow it. (This is especially important in medical journals, because the more keywords used, the more likely the paper will be found.) Then follows the name of the author, and his or her credentials. Next is the department, and then the university or institution. After this, put the author's contact information. Lastly, a word count is necessary, and, if applicable, the name of a professor or institution who requesting the paper or sponsoring the study.
Following is an example of a heading in the Vancouver format:
Propensity of Huntington's Disease in Families, and an Examination of its Occurrence in Western Europeans
Dr. Yong Guan - Iowa State University
“One of the greatest myths perpetuated within physical activity promotion, the exercise sciences, and exercise medicine is the belief that you need to engage in a minimum of 150 minutes a week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity to obtain health benefits,” explained Darren E.R. Warburton, PhD, and Shannon S. Bredin, PhD, MSc, of the Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. “However, the preponderance of evidence simply does not support this contention. There is compelling evidence that health benefits can be accrued at a lower volume and/or intensity of physical activity. These health benefits are seen in both healthy and clinical populations.
The Canadian Journal of Cardiology () is the official journal of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (). It is a vehicle for the international dissemination of new knowledge in cardiology and cardiovascular science, particularly serving as a major venue for the results of Canadian cardiovascular research and Society guidelines. The journal publishes original reports of clinical and basic research relevant to cardiovascular medicine as well as editorials, review articles, case reports, and papers on health outcomes, policy research, ethics, medical history, and political issues affecting practice.
St. John Passion - Early Music Vancouver
FUNdamental Hockey (FUN Hockey) is a leading off-ice development program for youth hockey players. This initiative is part of our “Program of Excellence in Sport Development” consisting of a program specially designed for athletes from the ages of 4 – 18 yr. The FUNdamental Development for Hockey Performance (FUN Hockey) program is centred on the guiding principal that hockey should be fun for all children regardless of skill level. Moreover, it is designed in an age-appropriate manner to ensure that skills fundamental for growth and performance are developed. FUN Hockey and our Thunder teams were developed to ensure that all children have the opportunity to learn about hockey in a FUN and nurturing environment. Our program is run by faculty, graduate students, undergraduate students, and volunteers dedicated to youth sport. This initiative builds upon the research and work of Drs. Bredin and Warburton with youth and high performance athletes. Our program was created leading up to the 2010 Olympic Winter and Paralympic Games as part of the Sport Cardiology and Musculoskeletal Assessment Research Team (SMART 2010) for the 2010 Vancouver Games. We are pleased to continue our various related grassroots research initiatives and spring hockey development for children from across the lower mainland.
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Your supervisory committee should Vancouver Thesis and ..
The largest lesion in the first study was 10 cm.13
The theory was first put forward in 1987.1
Scholtz2 has argued that...
The largest lesion in the first study was 10 cm (13).
The theory was first put forward in 1987 (1).
Scholtz (2) has argued that...
It is not necessary to mention either the author(s) or date of the reference unless it is relevant to your text. Remember the numbers do not change once they are assigned. If you cite a book written by Margaret Jones, and give it the number 2, then cite it three pages later—it is still 2. This is probably the most important aspect of Vancouver style.
A numbered list of references must be provided at the end of the paper. The list should be arranged in the order of citation in the text of the publication, assignment or essay, not in alphabetical order. List only one reference per reference number. It is very important that you use the correct punctuation and that the order of details in the references is also correct.
The following examples demonstrate the format for a variety of types of references. Included are some examples of citing electronic documents. Such items come in many forms, so only some examples have been listed here.
Only the first word of in the title of a book or conference should be capitalized, except for proper nouns or acronyms. Capitalize the "v" in Volume for a book title.
Author/editor AA. Title: subtitle. Edition (if not the first). Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher; Year. p. page number(s) (if appropriate).
Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH; 2003.