2 steps of protein synthesis: 1] transcription,2] translation

Chapter 48, “SYNTHESIS OF THYROID HORMONES” in: Walter F., PhD.

Placental protein and peptide hormone synthesis: …

Luteinizing Hormone (LH): A 23 amino acid glycoprotein that triggers production of steroid sex hormones in both males and females. In men, certain cells in the testes react to LH by producing testosterone which, by the way, is a precursor for the female sex hormones. In women, LH induces cells in the ovaries to form estrogens, such as estradiol, estriol and estrone. LH has a half-life of only 20 minutes, which virtually assures little, if any, will be left in your raw milk by the time you get it home.

Synthesis of thyroid hormone: Diagram.Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven) Mechanism of Steroid Hormone Action.

Synthesis of protein and peptide hormones - …

It promotes aggregation of platelets and acts as a vasoconstrictor.

- Anterior pituitary gland

It regulates the release of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

- Hypothalamus

It regulates the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone, and it promotes the release of prolactin in the anterior pituitary gland.

- Thyroid gland

It regulates the rate of metabolic processes, it plays an important role in protein synthesis and determines the physical growth.

- Thyroid gland

It stimulates the basal metabolic rate, it increases the heart rate, the rate of protein synthesis and protein degradation, glucose synthesis, lipolysis, etc.

Locating the Thyroid Gland.Steroid Hormone Pathway, Sex Hormone Synthesis, Cortisol Synthesis, Aldosterone Synthesis.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH): A pituitary hormone that triggers release of (T4) and (T3) from the thyroid gland, both of which play key roles in determining the body's metabolic rate and temperature, rate of protein synthesis and sensitivity to a class of substances called the best known example being the neurotransmitter/hormone or . TSH is inhibited by somatostatin.

Synthesis Transport of Thyroid Hormones.As a result, the receptor is continuously activated and overstimulates the production of thyroid hormones.

Steroid and peptide hormones ..

It promotes protein synthesis and increases good cholesterol, triglyceride, cortisol, growth hormone, etc.

- Placenta during pregnancy

It helps keep the uterus quiescent during pregnancy.

- Ovary and adipose tissue

It helps maintain the overall health, especially the health of postmenopausal women and keeps certain diseases away.

- Anterior pituitary gland

Follicle-stimulating hormone function involves maturation of Graafian follicles in the ovaries.

Peptide–Protein Hormones - Doping, Performance …

3. There is atime lag (minutes to hours) before an increase or decrease in newly synthesizedproteins will significantly alter the concentration of that particular proteinwithin the cell.

Other Protein/Peptide Hormones.

Gastrin: A peptide hormone with forms containing 14, 17 or 34 amino acids. Gastrin functions to stimulate in the stomach to secrete hydrochloric acid. It causes other cells to secrete (an inactive form of the digestive enzyme ) that converts to pepsin in a low pH (acidic) environment. It also stimulates production of pancreatic enzymes. Gastrin secretion is regulated by (GRH) and (GIP), both of which are also found in raw milk.

However the process of protein hormone synthesis is as follows: ..

Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH1): A 10 amino acid peptide hormone that triggers the release of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and (LH) from the anterior pituitary gland. GnRH1 is degraded by (digestion of proteins by cellular enzymes called ) within a few minutes of secretion. GnRH1: 0.1-3 ng/ml

Thyroid Hormone Synthesis | Pathway Medicine

Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH): A 44 amino acid peptide hormone that stimulates secretion of (GH) from the anterior pituitary gland. GHRH also helps promote slow wave or Stage 3 and 4 sleep. It's action is opposed by somatostatin, also present in raw milk.