A new kind of drug-crosslinked polymer nanoparticle was prepared
Abstract. We have synthesized highly charged, crosslinked poly (styrene-co-divinylbenzene-co-sulfopropyl methacrylate) copolymer colloidal particles using emulsion polymerization. The effects of concentration of the emulsifier and the initiator on the particle size and the charge density of the colloidal particles are studied. Colloidal particle size is highly dependent upon the concentration of the emulsifier and the initiator. The col-loidal particle diameter decreases with increasing concentration of the emulsifier and increases with increas-ing concentration of the initiator in the polymerization mixture. Number of particles, surface charge density and charges per particle are also functions of both the emulsifier and the initiator concentration. The surface charge density and the number of charges per sphere increase with increasing particle diameter. These copolymer colloid particles self assemble readily and diffract visible light. Polymer hydrogel imbibed with these colloids shows the light diffraction.
Recombinant Protein G Agarose - Peptide Synthesis: …
The limited swellability in polar media of the commonly used polystyrene/divinylbenzene (PS-DVB) support materials for solid-phase organic synthesis has led to the development of novel, highly swellable hydrophilic gels designed for use in aqueous or polar media. Poly(vinyl alcohol) beads crosslinked with epichlorohydrin (PVA-EP) were prepared by a two-step inverse-suspension polymerization method. While it is known that the morphology of the resulting beads can be controlled by the ratio of EP versus PVA as well as by the pre-crosslinking time, the actual degree of crosslinking of the beads and their mechanical properties remain unknown. It is therefore the purpose of this study to evaluate the actual degree of crosslinking of beads prepared with different quantities of crosslinker in the feed by spectroscopic (Raman, nuclear magnetic resonance) and chemical (functional group loading) methods. The mechanical properties of these swollen PVA-EP beads will be evaluated by single-bead unconfined compression in solvents such as water, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and compared to model PS-DVB beads commonly used for solid phase synthesis.
Microparticles composed of (meth)acrylic acid, potassium (meth)acrylate, and trifunctional pentaerythritol were prepared using a thermally initiated free radical precipitation polymerization in ethyl acetate. The particle synthesis method was investigated, and the structure and morphology of the microparticles was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Results indicate that the physicochemical properties of the microparticles are dependent on the crosslinking ratio and type of carboxylic acid monomer employed in the polymerizations. The glass transition temperature behavior is significantly affected by the monomer type and the amount of crosslinking agent employed. The swelling dynamics of the microparticles are also pH, monomer, and crosslinking ratio dependent. Keywords: Poly((meth)acrylic acid) microparticles, pH responsive hydrogels, bioadhesion, drug delivery