The synthesis of mandelic acid starts from benzaldehyde:

Recovery of benzaldehyde from the formed benzoic acid is more expensive ..

Synthesis of benzaldehyde and its derivatives by oxidation of the ..

More than 90 percent of commercial benzoic acid is converted directly to phenol and caprolactam. Its use in the production of glycol benzoates for the application of plasticizer in adhesive formulations is increasing. The organic compound is also used in the manufacture of alkyd resins and drilling mud additive for crude oil recovery applications. It is also used as a rubber polymerization activator and retardant.

Multistep Reaction Sequence: Benzaldehyde to Benzilic Acid

U. S. production capacity of benzoic acid is estimated at 139,000 tons per year, much of which is consumed domestically to prepare other industrial chemicals. Benzoic acid is mainly used as a chemical intermediate for synthesis of other chemicals, as well as for the production of sodium salt. It is mainly used in industrial settings.

TCC’s Benzoic Acid is a colorless crystalline solid with the chemical formula C6H5COOH. It is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid. Its salts are used as a food preservative and it is an important precursor for the synthesis of many other organic substances.

Benzene to Benzoic Acid Synthesis - YouTube

It is commonly employed to confer flavor. Benzaldehyde is used chiefly as a precursor to other organic compounds, ranging from pharmaceuticals to plastic additives. The is prepared from benzaldehyde and . It is a precursor to certain dyes as well. Via , benzaldehyde is converted into derivatives of and . The synthesis of starts from benzaldehyde:

Benzaldehyde, for synthesis, 95.0%; ..

The CeO2 catalyst has been investigated for hydrogenation of benzoic acid to benzaldehyde and shows little deactivation in stability test. BET results indicate that no significant sinter was observed on the used catalyst. SEM images show few changes taking place in surface feature of the used catalyst. Element analysis confirms that some coke is formed which leads to catalyst deactivation. XRD analysis reveals that crystalline size of catalyst is not relevant to the catalytic behavior in the range from 14.3 nm to 18.4 nm.

Benzaldehyde benzoic acid synthesis

Benzaldehyde can be synthesized from obtained from the oil of by refluxing in / solution between 90°C and 150°C with a (most commonly or ) for 5 to 80 hours, followed by distillation of the formed benzaldehyde. This reaction also yields .

Oxidation of Benzaldehyde to Benzoic Acid with …

Benzoic acid is produced commercially by partial oxidation of toluene with oxygen. The process is catalyzed by cobalt or manganese naphthenates. The process uses cheap raw materials proceeds in high yield, and is considered environmentally green.