Indirect synthesis from calcium gluconate
Sodium gluconate and calcium gluconate methods are important techniques available for gluconic acid fermentation. The comparative analysis of these fermentations has been addressed using Aspergillus niger. The techniques are equally influenced by the spores age in slant growth, inoculum level in germination and production media, different levels of Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn. Sodium gluconate method is promising with respect to lesser time for slant age (3 d) and lesser time of fermentation (6 d) compared to the calcium gluconate method (slant age — 6 d, and time of fermentation — 7 d).
Calcium Gluconate/chemical synthesis*
A facile carbon template method was employed to modify the microstructure of calcined organometallic calcium compounds (i.e., calcium acetate, calcium citrate, and calcium gluconate) for high-temperature CO2 capture. The effects of the decomposition atmosphere, carbon source, and pyrolysis temperature on the physical and chemical properties as well as the cyclic CO2 capture performance were determined using various morphological characterization techniques and detailed thermogravimetric analysis. During pyrolysis in an inert atmosphere, carbon formed from organometallic calcium compounds, which served as a template for controlling the sintering of CaCO3, and the subsequent carbon burnoff in air promoted the fabrication of porous CaO. Among the three organometallic calcium compounds, the pyrolysis process of calcium gluconate exhibited the earliest carbonization and the template with the highest organic carbon content and the slowest decomposition of CaCO3. Therefore, the most favorable structure (i.e., the smallest crystal size, largest specific surface area, and largest pore volume of CaO) was obtained from calcium gluconate, which was responsible for the fastest adsorption rate, highest capacity, and best stability. Moreover, this superior performance was maintained when the pyrolysis temperature was approximately 600–800 °C.
Is recommended not to administer calcium in animals treated with digoxin. Prescribed doses do not give side effects. Can be used during pregnancy and lactation.