based on sodium silicate, organic polymers and ..
Amylases are important hydrolase enzymes which have been widely used since many decades. These enzymes randomly cleave internal glycosidic linkages in starch molecules to hydrolyze them and yield dextrins and oligosaccharides. Among amylases α-Amylase is in maximum demand due to its wide range of applications in the industrial front. With consumers growing increasingly aware of environmental issues, industries find enzymes as a good alternative over other chemical catalysts. α-Amylase can be produced by plant or microbial sources. Due to the advantages that microbial production offers, α-Amylase from microorganisms has been focused upon and preferred to other sources for production. The ubiquitous nature, ease of production and broad spectrum of applications make α-Amylase an industrially important enzyme. This report focuses on the microbial production of α-Amylase and its applications.
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2) Microorganisms can be easily manipulated using genetic engineering or other means. They can be subjected to strain improvement, mutations and other such changes by which the production of α-Amylase can be optimized. Also, the microorganisms can be tailored to cater to the needs of growing industries and to obtain enzymes with desired characteristics like thermostability for example. Thermostable α-Amylases are desired as they minimize contamination risk and reduce reaction time, thus saving considerable amount of energy. Also when hydrolysis is carried out at higher temperatures, the polymerization of D-glucose to iso-maltose is minimized .
The wide range of unique properties that can be generated from polyphosphazenes has made these polymers the focus of interest for numerous advanced applications, especially where no other polymers exist with the required combinations of characteristics. These applications include several challenging areas of biomedical research, uses as ion conductive membranes for rechargeable polymer lithium batteries and fuel cell membranes, advanced elastomers for applications in the aerospace engineering, photonic materials, and fire-resistant polymers. Members of our group do the polymer design, synthesis, and characterization studies, and we then collaborate with specialists in each of the applications areas.