Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis - USC Spine Center

The following is a classification of Spondylolisthesis and Spondylolysis according to cause:

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis - OrthoInfo - AAOS

A spondylolysis is a term to describe a gap or a nonunion of a portion of the spine known as the pars interarticularis. This gap may be congenital or it may result from trauma to the spine. Spondylolisthesis can also occur when the joints connecting the different components of the spine become weaker, and allow one bone to slip on the other; in these cases a defect of the pars interarticularis does not exist.

DEGENERATIVE LUMBAR – occurs in the lower back; the most common site for vertebral slippage

Spinal Surgeon | Spondylolisthesis

Depending upon the cause of the spondylolisthesis, the condition may or may not be avoidable. If it is due to a congenital gap in the bone (pars interarticularis), then there is not much that one can do to prevent the eventual effects of normal strain on the spine and gravity from causing a slip to develop. Certainly being at an ideal body weight, staying in shape, exercising and keeping the back and abdominal muscles strong will help to decrease the likelihood of slip over time. Similarly, when the slip is due to degeneration and aging of the facet joints, there is not much that one can do except to try to keep close to an ideal body weight and stay in shape. On the other hand, there are certain exercises which have a higher risk of causing a fracture of the pars interarticularis, thus resulting in the possibility of spondylolisthesis in the future. Certain athletic activities which cause extension of the spine (standing and arching the back backwards) predispose one to such fractures, such as gymnastics and diving. However, they are uncommon in swimmers.

DEGENERATIVE CERVICAL – occurs in the neck or upper back; extremely rare and commonly misdiagnosed

The anti-inflammatory properties of boswellia help to relieve the neck pain. Its usage decreases the cartilage damage, which creates a cushion between the discs and bones of the spine.

Repetitive trauma in clinical onset or aggravation of Spondylolisthesis and/or Spondylolysis


Spondylolisthesis is most often caused by spondylolysis. The cause of spondylolysis is not as clearly defined. Most believe it is due to a genetic weakness of the pars interarticularis. Both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis can be present at birth or occur through injury. Repeated stress fractures caused by hyperextension of the back (as in gymnastics and football) and traumatic fractures are also causes. The most common cause in adults is degenerative arthritis.

Cervical spondylolisthesis exercises - Things You Didn't …

The amount of pain you have depends on how fast your vertebrae are slipping. If you have very subtle symptoms, you may only feel tightness in your hamstrings or find that you can no longer touch your toes, but not feel any nerve pain.

Spondylolisthesis neck by Lori Valliere - issuu

Those who play sports, especially gymnasts and football players, are more likely to have spondylolisthesis. The condition most often affects people over 40 years of age. About 5% of Americans have this structural deficiency and don't know it. Just because it appears on an X-ray doesn't mean you'll have pain.

Blog | What is a spondylolisthesis (In the neck)

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis usually cause no symptoms in children; however, many seek medical evaluation because of a postural deformity or gait abnormality. Pain most often occurs during the adolescent growth spurt and is predominantly backache, with only occasional leg pain. Symptoms are exacerbated by high activity levels or competitive sports and are diminished by activity restriction and rest. The back pain probably results from instability of the affected segment, and the leg pain is usually related to irritation of the L5 nerve root.

Spondylolisthesis - Houston Spine & Rehabilitation Center

Treatment is geared toward alleviating symptoms caused by the displacement of one or more vertebrae. Conservative methods such as medication, modified activities, proper stretching and exercise as part of a physical therapy program, Chiropractic manipulation mobilizing painful joint dysfunction, injections to assist with pain during increase joint function, and other techniques generally are sufficient for symptom management. However, vertebral slippage caused by traumatic injury or a severe congenital condition such as scoliosis may require surgery.