Ask A Linguist FAQ: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

Wardhaugh then analyzes the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis with different perspectives.

What is the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

Whorf, Benjamin Lee. 1956. Language, thought, and reality: Selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Edited by John B. Carroll. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

To support the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, Wardhaugh expresses his opinions mainly in two aspects.

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: Examples and Definition - …

Writing on the relationship between language and thought predates Sapir and Whorf, and extends beyond the academy. The 19th-century German philosopher Wilhelm von Humboldt argued that language constrains people’s worldview, foreshadowing the idea of linguistic determinism later articulated in and (). The intuition that language radically determines thought has been explored in works of fiction such as Orwell’s dystopian fantasy (). Although there is little empirical support for radical linguistic determinism, more moderate forms of linguistic relativity continue to generate influential research, reviewed from an anthropologist’s perspective in , from a psychologist’s perspective in , and discussed from multidisciplinary perspectives in and .

Whorf extends Sapir’s idea and claims that the relationship between language and culture is “a deterministic one” (Wardhaugh, 2009).

For those who criticize Sapir and Whorf, please realize that the article in question refers to the Sapir-Whorf-hypothesis. And as far as I can tell, the Korzybski addendum version refers to the weak interpretation.

Sapir states the view that language shapes one’s worldview, subsequently called linguistic determinism.

Known as the “Sapir-Whorf hypothesis ..

In linguistics, the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis states that there are certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot be understood by those who live in another language.

The hypothesis states that the way people think is strongly affected by their native languages.

Universalism "Sapir-Whorf" hypothesis The ..

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis (Linguistic Relativity) The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis states that language is not merely a way to express ideas, but that it effects the range of ideas that we can have.

…now often known as the Whorfian (or Sapir-Whorf) hypothesis

"Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis" is a misnomer as the men never co-authored anything and never stated their ideas in terms of a hypothesis Sapir–Whorf Hypothesis (Linguistic Relativity) A hypothesis holding that the structure of a language affects the perceptions of reality of its speakers and thus influences their thought patterns and worldviews.

Human languages determine the structure of the real world as perceived by human beings and that this structure is different and incommensurable from one language to another

The structure of a language affects the ways in which its speakers are able to conceptualize their world.

Sapir–Whorf hypothesis | Psychology Wiki | FANDOM …

The influence of language on thought Study Benjamin Whorf Hypothesis and Edward. Ought Study Benjamin Whorf Hypothesis and. Tween language and thought. connection between language and thought essay


Whorf believes that the Hopi culture “has no general notion or intuition of time”(370), referring to the absence of the word “time” in the Hopi language as well as the past, present, and future tenses in the Hopi grammar.


Different Cultures Other factors "We dissect nature along lines laid down by our native languages."
—Whorf All languages are based upon universal cognitive options and the ways in which they differ are superficial.