xkcd: Quantum Vacuum Virtual Plasma
Born in 1933 in Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan Republic, Eldar Salayev graduated from the Azerbaijan State University (AGU) and received his Diploma in Physics in 1956. After having worked as a scientific researcher for about 10 years in the Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, he received the PhD in Physics and Mathematics, and became the chief of the Semiconductor Quantum Electronics Laboratory and Scientific Secretary at that Institute. Later on, he worked as a Vice-Director at the same Institute.
In 1975, Professor E. Salayev received the degree of Doctor of Science in Physics and Mathematics working in close collaboration with the Nobel Prize winners A. M. Prokhorov and N. G. Basov. The same year he became Professor in physics. In 1972 he founded in Baku the Branch of the Institute of Applied Physics, Ministry of Defence Industry of the former USSR (later on Institute of Photoelectronics Azerbijan National Academy of Sciences). He has been directed this Institute up to 1992.
Professor E. Yu. Salaev is a well-known scientist in the field of physics and tecniques of semiconductors, IR techniques, quantum electronics and nonlinear optics. He is co-author of 2 books, more than 300 scientific papers and holder of 110 patents. His research achievements include: first detection and explanation of nature of the low-temperature and high-pressure phase transitions in layered chalcogenide semiconductors; observation of the presence of the low-frequency rigid layer modes in layered crystals leading to the specific spin-phonon and electron-phonon interaction; new deformation effects in layered gallium selenide-type crystals; formation and behavior of the electron-hole liquid in layered crystals under high-density of excitation; first observation of the second harmonic generation and stimulated emission in gallium selenide and application of this crystal in non-lineer optics, including first observation of the second harmonic generation at 789.5 nm laser wavelength; first observation of the photoinduced change of the refractive index in gallium arsenide which found wide application in optical communication systems; development of the growth technology of the IR materials and creation of the mid-IR detectors.
As a visiting professor, researcher and invited lecturer, E. Salayev has presented many taught seminars and was engaged in scientific collaboration at more than 30 Universities and Research Centers. He supervised 50 PhD students and 15 Doctors of Science. He also serves as a member of the Editorial Board of several scientific journals on materials science and physics.
He has been pursuing the conference leadership to address the frontiers of the physics of semiconductors over the world serving as chair, co-chair, session chair and committee members for over 25 academic conferences.
Professor Salayev has received several awards and honors, including the Azerbaijan State Prize in Science (1972), Honorary Scientific Person of Azerbaijan (1972), Honor Medal of Azerbaijan Republick (1997) and the Vavilov Premium (1982) in the field of the scientific device creation. Salayev also a member of several Academies including the Euoropean Academy of Sciences, the Islamic Academy of Sciences (Iordan), the New York Academy of Sciences (USA), the East International Oil Academy (Azerbaijan), Russian Engineering Academy of Sciences named by A.M. Prokhorov (Russia), International Communication Academy (Ukraine).
He was elected and served as a member of the former USSR Parliament and the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Republick. In 1980 and 1983, respectively, he was elected the Corresponding Member and Full Member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. In 1983 Prof. Salayev was elected the President and up to 1997 leaded the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.
Quantum field theory - Wikipedia
Dinuclear and tetranuclear complexes of uranyl ion were synthesized in the early 70′s, in most cases by "soft chemistry" reactions, involving a now-called mechanochemistry approach under controlled vapor pressure of water. These new inorganic supramolecules opened the way to a basic study of the interaction between linear uranyl groups, bonded in their equatorial plane by hydroxo, oxo or halogen bridges. Their crystal structures were solved and their vibrational as well as their luminescence spectra were quantitatively interpreted in terms of the various coupling modes involved in these compounds.
Ferenc Krausz was born in Mor, Hungary, on 17 May 1962. He was awarded his M. S. in Electrical Engineering at Budapest University of Technology in 1985, his Ph. D. in Quantum Electronics at Vienna University of Technology in 1991, and his "Habilitation" degree in the same field at the same university in 1993. He joined the Department of Electrical Engineering as an Associate Professor in 1998 and became Full Professor in the same department in 1999. In 2003 he was appointed Director of the Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik in Garching, Germany, and since October 2004 he has also been Professor of Physics and Chair of Experimental Physics at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. His research includes nonlinear light-matter interactions, ultrashort light pulse generation from the infrared to the X-ray spectral range, and studies
of ultrafast microscopic processes. By using chirped multilayer mirrors, his group made intense light pulses comprising merely a few wave cycles available for a wide range of applications and utilized them for pushing the frontiers of ultrafast science into the attosecond regime. His most recent research direction in attosecond physics is the control and real-time observation of the atomic-scale motion of electrons and the development of brilliant X-ray and charged-particle sources for applications in physics and biomedicine. He co-founded Femtolasers GmbH, a Vienna-based company specializing in Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser sources and initiated Ultrafast Innovations GmbH, a joint venture of the Max Planck Society and the Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität München making cutting-edge ultrafast technologies available to research groups all over the world. Ferenc Krausz is a citizen of both Hungary and Austria and lives with wife Angela and his children Anita and Martina in Garching, Germany. He feels greatly privileged to live at a time when borders between these and other countries in Europe are being peacefully dismantled.
Student Research Projects | Department of …
» ~ An elegant breakthrough in quantum geomath, explaining everything, plus everything else -- describes a way to solve maximally supersymmetric Yin-Yang-Mills theory in 4 googool dimensions.
Society of Vacuum Coaters - SVC Education Program
The quantization of electron states is observed to manifest itself in the optical response of single small metal clusters as well as in terms of quantized electron transport between atomically-contacted nanostructures, leading to distinct quantum features in the plasmonic response.
Gerhard Fasol: building technology business in …
In this thesis, the collective electron dynamics producing the plasma oscillations is described within the quantum-mechanical time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT), and the nanostructures are modeled down to their atomic structure.