Puritanism and the Rise of Modern Science: ..
Replying to some of the critics of the Weber-Merton Thesis,Merton suggests that the Puritan ethos was not indispensable,although it did provide major support at that time and place. He alsonotes that once having obtained institutional , science largely severed its tieswith religion, finally to become a counterforce, curbing theinfluence of religion. But as the first push, religion was seen ascrucially important to the genesis of the scientificrevolution.While the Merton thesis doesn't explain all the causes of thescientific revolution, it does illuminate possible reasons whyEngland was one of its driving motors and the structure of Englishscientific community.
the Rise of Modern Science : The Merton Thesis
It lacks the literary quality of, say, but itdoes provide the standard starting point for any discussion of theinterrelationship between Puritanism and the rise of science.
Yetagainst all odds, the Merton thesis is still alive in the sense that historiansof science spend some time in discussing the of Puritanism and ‘the Scientific Revolution’.