Protein Synthesis - GENETICS 101
Disparate fields have provided advances in our understanding of the impact of protein-synthesis errors on cellular fitness, disease and evolution. Although organisms show adaptations to minimize the deleterious effects of such errors, erroneous protein synthesis can also be exploited for the organism's benefit.
AP Biology Review Part 3: Genetics & DNA and Protein Synthesis
I mean, replicate the strand of DNA on your desk.
Mistakes made during DNA replication or protein synthesis called
Read about mutations on your handout.
has two stages:
is the process of making an
strand from the DNA.
is the making of
Translate means to change "languages" (from nucleic acids to amino acids)
Transcribe means to make a copy of something from one source to another
There are three steps to transcription.
Step 1 - a protein known as
attaches to a specific part of the DNA molecule
Step 2 - The
unwinds and separates the DNA double helix.
Step 3 -
RNA polymerase matches complimentary bases to
of the DNA strands.
The nitrogen base