Photosynthesis light phase - SlideShare
Photosynthesis occurs inside chloroplasts. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll, a green pigment found inside the thylakoid membranes. These chlorophyll molecules are arranged in groups called photosystems. There are two types of photosystems, Photosystem II and Photosystem I. When a chlorophyll molecule absorbs light, the energy from this light raises an electron within the chlorophyll molecule to a higher energy state. The chlorophyll molecule is then said to be photoactivated. Excited electron anywhere within the photosystem are then passed on from one chlorophyll molecule to the next until they reach a special chlorophyll molecule at the reaction centre of the photosystem. This special chlorophyll molecule then passes on the excited electron to a chain of electron carriers.
Photosynthesis light phase By Azfar Ali Bajwa
Photosynthesis converts these energy- depleted compounds (ADPand NADP+) back to the high energy forms (ATP and NADPH) and theenergy thus produced in this chemical form is utilized to drivethe chemical reactions necessary for synthesis of sugars andother carbon containing compounds (e.g., proteins, fats). Theproduction of high energy ATP and NADPH in plants occurs in whatis known as Light Phase Reactions (Z Scheme) (requiressunlight). The energy releasing reactions which converts themback to energy-depleted ADP and NADP is known as Dark PhaseReactions (Calvin Cycle) (does not require light) in whichthe synthesis of glucose and other carbohydrates occurs.
Overall, it is the reverse reaction of photosynthesis, but chemically, the steps involved are very different.)
Phases of photosynthesis - ALISON
We exhale the carbon dioxide that plants need for photosynthesis.
Many scientists contributed to the discovery and understanding of photosynthesis throughout the ages; in this page are outlined some of those crucial milestone experiments that contributed to this effort.
Jan Baptista van Helmont, Flemish physician, chemist, and physicist, in the 1600s carried out a famous experiment by growing a willow tree in a pot for five years.
What is the dark phase of photosynthesis? - Quora
The process that makes these food chemicals using solar energy is PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
Defined, photosynthesis is: - chemical reactions that convert the radiant energy of sunlight to chemical energy of sugars.
Photosynthesis is a very complex process.
So this is the dark phase of photosynthesis
So we can summarize by saying that the photosynthetic plantstrap solar energy to form ATP and NADPH (Light Phase) and thenuse these as the energy source to make carbohydrates and otherbiomolecules from carbon dioxide and water (Dark Phase),simultaneously releasing oxygen in to the atmosphere. Thechemoheterotrophic animals reverse this process by using theoxygen to degrade the energy-rich organic products ofphotosynthesis to CO2 and water in order to generate ATP fortheir own synthesis of biomolecules.
What are the phases of photosynthesis?
The first phase of photosynthesis requires that light fall on the leaf. The chlorophyll that is embedded in the membranes of the thylakoids absorbs luminous energy. This absorption of energy is accompanied by the degradation of water molecules and the release of oxygen. In a second, light-independent phase, the energy absorbed by the chlorophyll is used to transform carbon dioxide molecules into sugar molecules.
Photosynthesis light phase By Azfar Ali Bajwa 2
Plant photosynthesis, both the Light Phase and Dark phasereactions, takes place in chloroplasts, which may be regarded asthe "power plants" of the green leaf cells. At night,when there is no sunlight energy, ATP continues to be generatedfor the plant's needs by respiration, i.e., oxidation of(photosynthetically produced) carbohydrate in mitochondria(similar to animals).