Photosynthesis -alternative pathways
The intensively cultivated agricultural plants average about 3% in photosynthetic efficiency, and most crops range from 1-4%. This is also typical of algae.
Explain alternate photosynthetic pathways, Biology
Respiration refers to the metabolism of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide. In it is a positive term, a process vital to life. But photorespiration is an entirely negative term because it represents a severe loss to the process of using light energy in photosynthetic organisms to fix carbon for subsequent carbohydrate synthesis. By leading to the loss of up to half of the carbon that has been fixed at the expense of light energy, photorespiration undoes the work of photosynthesis.
The “jasmonic acid biosynthesis” pathway and four “photosynthetic-associated” pathways were enriched in both FR and FS but with a more negative median fold change in FR than in FS.