growth and protein synthesis, while the S phase is ..
Sep 5, 1988. The trmD operon of Escherichia coli encodes the ribosomal proteins S16 and L19, the tRNAm1G37methyltransferase and a 21,000 Mr protein. TRNA, and that the synthesis of ribosomal protein, like the synthesis of rRNA, is subject to the influence of the rel gene control system. In exponentially growing.
Quia - DNA, RNA, replication, protein synthesis, quiz
AB - The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus contains a circadian pacemaker that regulates many circadian rhythms in mammals. Experimental work in microorganisms and invertebrates suggests that protein synthesis is required for the function of the circadian oscillator, and recent experiments in golden hamsters suggest an acute inhibition of protein synthesis can induce phase shifts in a mammalian circadian pacemaker. To determine whether protein synthesis in the SCN region is involved in the generation of circadian rhythms in mammals, a protein synthesis inhibitor, anisomycin, was microinjected into the SCN region, and the effect on the circadian rhythm of locomotor activity of hamsters was measured. A single injection of anisomycin into the SCN region induced phase shifts in the circadian activity rhythm that varied systematically as a function of the phase of injection within the circadian cycle. These results suggest that protein synthesis may be involved in the generation of circadian rhythms in mammals and that the anatomic site of action of anisomycin is within the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic region.
The two steps required for protein synthesis are transcription, which occurs in the nucleus, and translation, which occurs in the cytoplasm at the ribosomes.