Do periods go inside or outside of parentheses in APA style

The period goes outside of the quotation marks, it comes after the parenthesis.

Place a period outside a closing parenthesis if the material ..

pdf at the end.I wanted to The minus sign does not work when it is placed immediately before.
Is is correct to put a period after etc then close the parenthesis then a period outside the parenthesis at the end of a sentence.
How to use parenthesis in a sentence.

When a parenthesis forms the end of a declarative sentence, place the period outside the parenthesis.Period with Parentheses or Brackets.

closing parenthesis and then a period would go outside: ..

This presentation is ideal for the beginning of a composition course, the assignment of a writing project, or as a refresher presentation for grammar usage. This resource offers a number of pages about comma use. This handout provides rules and examples for apostrophe usage. A comprehensive rundown on the proper use of the hyphen. A rundown of the general rules of when and where to use quotation marks.

(But don’t tell that to the publishers of such mathematics-free books—or the people who buy them.) When parenthetical content occurs at the end of a larger sentence, the closing punctuation mark for the sentence is placed outside the closing parenthesis. After three weeks on set, the cast was fed up with his direction (or, rather, lack of direction). When parenthetical content occurs in the middle of a larger sentence, the surrounding punctuation should be placed outside the parentheses, exactly as it would be if the parenthetical content were not there. We verified his law degree (Yale, class of 2002), but his work history remains unconfirmed. When a complete sentence occurs in parentheses in the middle of a larger sentence, it should neither be capitalized nor end with a period—though a question mark or exclamation point is acceptable. We verified his law degree (none of us thought he was lying about that) but not his billion-dollar verdict against Exxon (how gullible did he think we were?). Numbered or lettered should use a pair of parentheses to enclose the numbers or letters. Please submit the following four items with your application: (1) a cover letter, (2) a resume, (3) a college transcript, and (4) a list of professional references. are usually enclosed in parentheses following the time. The conference call will be held at 9:00 a.m.


Should period (full stop) be inside or outside ..

Note that sentence-ending periods should go outside the parentheses if the parenthetical remark is part of a larger sentence, but inside the parentheses if it's not embedded in a larger sentence. This is an example of the first (notice the punctuation goes outside, because we're still part of that outer sentence). (This is an example of the second, because we're no longer inside any other sentence; the parenthesis is its own sentence.)

Move period outside parenthesis · …

In America, commas and periods go inside quotation marks, while semicolons and colons go outside, regardless of the punctuation in the original quotation. Question marks and exclamation points depend on whether the question or exclamation is part of the quotation, or part of the sentence containing the quotation. Some examples:

Where does the period go when using parentheses?

There are a few instances where it's wise to put the punctuation outside the quotation marks — cases where it's really important whether the punctuation mark is part of the quotation or not. A software manual, for instance, might have to make it very clear whether the period is part of a command or simply ends the sentence in which the command appears: getting it wrong means the command won't work. Bibliographers are concerned with the exact form of the punctuation in a book. In these cases, it makes sense. Most of the time, though — when lives don't depend on whether the comma is or isn't part of the quotation — stick with the general usage outlined above; it's what publishers expect.

Where should the period go when using parentheses

The traditional rule, and one especially suited to the common in typescripts (as opposed to desktop publishing): put one space after a comma or semicolon; put two spaces after a (sentence-ending) period, exclamation point, or question mark. Colons have been known to go either way. For spaces after quotation marks, base your choice on the punctuation inside the quotation. Publishers often (but not always) use standard word spacing between sentences (it's a matter of ), and it seems to be gaining ground among typists today, perhaps through the influence of desktop publishing. In any case, it's nothing to fret about.