X-rays show spondylolisthesis at the L4-L5 vertebral level.
In other instances, a person with spondylolysis may develop a spondylolisthesis with trauma, or a person with a spondylolisthesis may have an increased slip, as a result of the trauma.
L5-S1 Spondylolisthesis, pars defect ..
The lytic (subtype a) results from the separation or dissolution of the pars. The incidence of this type of Spondylolisthesis increases from less than 1 percent in children 5 years of age to 4.5 percent in children 7 years of age. The remaining 0.8 to 1 percent increase occurs between the ages of 11 to 16 years, presumably because of stress fractures caused by athletic activity. Extension movements of the spine, with lateral flexion, can increase the shearing stress at the pars interarticularis and result in Spondylolysis.
Although this subtype has a strong hereditary tendency, it makes up only half of the dysplastic group. The elongated pars (subtype b) is believed to result from micro fractures that heal with an elongated pars rather than from a lytic lesion. Acute pars fractures (subtype c) always result from significant trauma; these are rare and most frequently occur with Spondylolysis rather than with Spondylolisthesis.
Jun 07, 2011 · Treatment for L5-S1 Spondylolisthesis
Type II. Isthmic: This type results from a defect in the pars interarticularis that allows forward slipping of L5 on S1. Three types of isthmic spondylolistheses are recognized:
S1 anterior spondylolisthesis with bilateral chronic pars ..
In Spondylolysis, symptoms are often absent. Defects are then discovered only incidentally on x-ray made for other purposes. In Spondylolisthesis, injury may aggravate (permanently worsen) any symptoms, but rarely does a single injury cause symptoms in a person who previously had none. Symptoms generally begin insidiously during the second or third decade as an intermittent dull ache in the lower back, present with increasing frequency during walking and standing. Later, pain may develop in the buttocks and thighs, and still later unilateral sciatica may develop.
of L5 over S1 and spondylolysis (lytic pars defect) ..
Spondylolysis is an interruption of the pars interarticularis, this can either be unilateral or bilateral. Spondylolisthesis: an anterior displacement of a vertebral body in relationship to the segment immediately below, this can occur with or without a defect in the pars interarticularis.
L5-S1 SPONDYLOLYSIS AND SPONDYLOLISTHESIS
In degenerative spondylolisthesis, intersegmental instability is present as a result of degenerative disk disease and facet arthropathy. These processes are collectively known as spondylosis (ie, acquired age-related degeneration). The slip occurs from progressive spondylosis within this three-joint motion complex. This typically occurs at L4-5, and elderly females are most commonly affected. The L5 nerve root is usually compressed from lateral recess stenosis as a result of facet and/or ligamentous hypertrophy.
L5-S1 SPONDYLOLYSIS AND SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: ..
Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis results from congenital abnormalities of the upper sacral facets or inferior facets of the fifth lumbar vertebra that allow slipping of L5 on S1.