Automated parking system - Wikipedia

The need for an efficient parking system stems from increased congestion, motor vehicle pollution.

Software Engineering Project—Parking Garage/Lot

No doubt, for the transit based information system to achieve success in its implementation, proper planning must be conducted. This is especially true in selecting the location for the park-and-ride car parks that maximizes transit whereby the concept of catchment area/commutersheds are often used such as indicated by . In the network flow-based technique introduced, it improves on the conventional spatial model used in determining the park-and-ride facility location by taking into consideration the traffic flow and works in reducing the vehicle miles travelled by maximizing the interception of vehicle during the beginning stage of the journey.

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There have been many research centered upon using Geographic Information System (GIS). Among them are the research conducted for siting park-and-ride car parks in Columbus, Ohio. incorporated multi-objective spatial optimization model in locating the park-and-ride facilities while considering numerous objectives and constraints as well as taking into consideration the existing system. While research by made no assumption on user demands, used Principal Component Analysis (PCA) in representing the index of user demands which will be converted to demand points when coupled with information obtained via Geographic Information System (GIS). Subsequently, additional calculation conducted by takes into account various other factors which includes: geographical, network, travel time from demand points to the location of the park-and-ride facilities and the constraints of computershed shapes are performed in determining the location and commutershed area for the park-and-ride lots.

Smart payment system: The smart payment system is implemented in the effort to overcome the limitation of the conventional payment methods by revamping the payment method via parking meter and introduce new technologies. This is because the conventional method causes delay and inconvenience for the patrons as they have to deal with cash. It also reduces maintenance and staffing requirement for payment handling purposes as well as traffic control (). In general, the Smart Payment System implemented in places such as Finland, Italy, London and United States (; ; ; ) consists of contact method, contactless method and mobile devices. While the contact method involves the use of smart cards, debit cards and credit cards, the contactless method involves the use of contactless cards, mobile devices as well as Automated Vehicle Identification (AVI) tag whereby RFID technologies are utilized (). As contact methods requires contact of the cards with parking meter or payment machines in the facility, the latter offers more convenience to the patrons.


Automated Parking System - Thesis Prototype - …

Even though scheduling is sometimes a problem, K-mart parking lot is still my favorite place because this is where friends and I come together and enjoy good food....

Vision Based Smart Parking Lot System Simulation - …

Mobile phones can also be used for guidance based on the research conducted by Idna and Tamil (2007) which utilizes Global Positioning System (GPS) for vehicle detection. A map of the driver’s current position based on the GPS data along with the status of three of the nearby car park are sent to their mobile phones based on the patron’s current location. The GPS technology used are discussed in detail by . Besides that, the parking guidance system developed based on web and GIS technology () are able to disseminate information to the users via internet, mobile phones and/or PDA. The guidance system can be with the conventional parking management system as well. In order to guide the patrons effectively, the car park map is printed on the parking ticket equipped with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags for guidance (Idna ., 2008) so that patrons can locate the assigned parking slot with ease. There are also no worries about forgetting the location of the assigned parking slot during exit.

Web Based Parking Management and Reservation System

The main concern hindering the implementation of the Smart Payment System would have to be skepticism on the privacy and security issues. This is due to the fact that confidential data of the patrons such as personal information and probably account information are being dealt with which are highly confidential. With the emergence of various threats, it is justifiable to be worried. In RFID implementation alone, exploits, malwares and worms (), as well as attacks such as sniffing, spoofing, replay attack and denial of services are just a fraction of it. Of course, methods have been developed in securing the data and overcoming the threats as is it discovered ranging from the cryptography, detection and evasion as well as temporary deactivation which are constantly improved from the conventional method implemented which dates back to World War II ().

Automatic Car Parking Indicator System using …

E-parking: E-parking provides an alternative for patrons to enquire the availability and/or reserve a parking space at their desired parking facility to ensure the availability of vacant car park space when they arrive at the parking facility. The system can be accessed via numerous methods such as SMS or through the internet. Some of the additional benefits of using the E-parking system aside from those collectively gained by smart parking system are that it can be extended easily to incorporate the payment mechanism of smart payment system whereby payments by the patrons are made hassle free using the technologies discussed previously. Customized information can also be provided to the patrons either before or during their trip to the car park ().