Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis

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tRNA binds to mRNA by complementary base-pairing,so tRNA also serves as a "bridge" between the information code of DNA andRNA (the order of the nucleotides) and the code of protein (the order ofamino acids).

This information, detailing the specific structure of the proteins inside of our bodies, is stored in a set of molecules called nucleic acids.

Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis Flashcards | Quizlet

Structure of RNA
Ribose- the sugar molecule of every RNA nucleotide

Ribonucleic acid- is derived from the name of its sugar
Deoxyribonucleic acid- is derived from the name of its sugar

Thymine is rarely a part of RNA molecules.

Chapter 21: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis …

New Substructure Filters for Removal of Pan Assay Interference Compounds PAINS from Screening Libraries and for Their Exclusion in Bioassays Proteins are assembled from amino acids using information encoded in genes. Each protein has its own unique amino acid sequence that is specified by the nucleotide. RNA interference RNAi is a biological process in which RNA molecules inhibit gene expression or translation, by neutralizing targeted mRNA molecules.

Transfer RNA serves as the carrier molecule for amino acids to be used in protein synthesis, ..