What Is The Non Neutrality Thesis - Msc Management …
The paper analyses economic evaluations by distinguishing evaluative statements from actual value judgments. From this basis, it compares four solutions to the value neutrality problem in economics. After rebutting the strong theses about neutrality (normative economics is illegitimate) and non-neutrality (the social sciences are value-impregnated), the paper settles the case between the weak neutrality thesis (common in welfare economics) and a novel, weak non-neutrality thesis that extends the realm of normative economics more widely than the other weak thesis does.
Displatec Embreagens Especiais - Non Neutrality Thesis
Abstract: The paper analyzes economic evaluations by distinguishing evaluative statements from value judgments proper. Building on this basis, it compares four solutions to the value-neutrality problem in economics. After rebutting the strong theses about neutrality (normative economics is illegitimate) and non-neutrality (the social sciences are value-impregnated), the paper settles the case between the weak neutrality thesis (common in welfare economics) and a novel, weak non-neutrality thesis that extends the realm of normative economics more widely than the other weak thesis does.
Last Thursday, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission repealed net neutrality, the protections the Obama administration put in place on the Internet two years ago. For those that live in the United States, this decision would allow Internet service providers to block or throttle access to content and services, ending a long-time principle that all web traffic must be treated equally.
cyber laws to maintain net-neutrality.
These principles include efficiency, predictability, calculability (or an emphasis on quantification), and control (especially via non-human technologies)....
Further thoughts on why the end of net neutrality will …
The aim of this thesis is to analyze various effects of informational constraints. In chapters 1 and 2 we consider a robust model of bilateral trade where traders have private reservation values and utility functions are common knowledge. In chapter 1 we study direct-revelation mechanisms. Under incentive and participation constraints, we define the notion of ex-post constrained efficiency, which does not depend on the distribution of types. Given ex-post incentive and participation constraints, a sufficient condition for constrained efficiency is simplicity: the outcome is a lottery between trade at one type-contingent price and no trade. For constant-relative-risk-aversion environments, we characterize simple mechanisms. Under risk neutrality they are equivalent to probability distributions over posted prices. Generically, simple mechanisms converge to full efficiency as agents' risk aversion goes to infinity. Under risk neutrality, ex-ante optimal mechanisms are deterministic, and under risk aversion, they are not.
In chapter 2 we address indirect implementation. We define Mediated Bargaining Game-a continuous-time double auction with a hidden order book. It is the optimal bargaining game in the sense that its ex-post Nash equilibria in weakly undominated strategies constitute the Pareto-optimal frontier of the set of all ex-post Nash equilibria of all bargaining games. In Mediated Bargaining Game, type-monotone Bayesian equilibria coincide with ex-post Nash equilibria. The inefficiency due to incomplete information is manifested through delay. In contrast with the direct revelation mechanisms, in Mediated Bargaining Game the mechanism designer does not need to know the agents' risk attitudes.
Informational constraints may also be a result of agents' subjective knowledge of the economic situation. In chapter 3 we study normal-form games, where each player may be aware of a subset of the set of possible actions, and has a set of possible awareness architectures. Awareness architecture is given by agents' perceptions, and an infinite regress of conjectures about others. Awareness equilibrium is a steady state where neither actions nor awareness architectures can change. We provide conditions under which awareness equilibria exists and study a parametrization of the set of possible awareness architectures.
Net neutrality: How we got from there to here - CNET
The thesis immediately struck a chord among many Americans, including non-pacifists; after all, this was a time in which President Roosevelt was calling businessmen “economic royalists,” and accusing them of standing in the way of social justice. Given this rhetoric, it was not hard to for average Americans to believe that wealthy businessmen had pushed the country into war for their own selfish interests. A Senate committee under the leadership of Gerald Nye (R-North Dakota) was established to investigate the book’s charges, and held hearings throughout 1935. While the Nye Committee never uncovered convincing evidence that banks and munitions firms had led the country into war, it produced some eye-popping headlines about the vast profits that such concerns had made during the war.