Brief overview of Sicilian genetics
Punic - pertaining to Phoenician descendants in northern Africa,especially the Carthaginians; also the language of the ancient Carthaginians,based on Phoenician.
Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits
Some simple examples of this immigration and residence information are inorder. Towns such as Palermo, Castrogiovanni (Enna), Calascibetta, Caltanissetta,Caltagirone, Caltabellotta,Racalmuto, Favara, Mistretta, Marsala, Mussomeli and Misilmeri were eitherfounded by Arabs or grew considerably under Arab domination, and bore Arabicnames (under the Greeks Palermo, from the Arabic Bal'harm, was Panormos). Thespecific mention of Arabs and the presence of Arabic given names and surnames wasevident in these places long after Frederick II banished a few thousand Arabs ofwestern Sicily to Apulia. As regards Jews present in many Sicilian localitiesuntil 1492, those who converted usually continued to name their childrenaccording to tradition (hence Abramo, Beniamino, Isacco, etc.) and to practiceprofessions traditionally associated with Jews in Sicily (dyers, bankers). Manyassumed distinctive surnames (Siino for Zion, Rabino for Rabbi) indicating aJewish orgin. Similar generalities about the permanence of Phoenician,Carthaginian, Greek and Roman populations in Sicily are valid. Where are thesepeoples today? Genetically (so to speak), they are represented in the modernSicilians --an amalgamated group of European and Mediterranean peoples. However,as we shall see, genetics and ethnic identity are two distinct ideas.
Italy - modern nation (Italian Republic) which includes the Italianpeninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. (In historical references theterm is often used to describe the Italian peninsula as opposed to the two largeisland regions, but today's Sicilians are Italian.) Italy has existed as a unitedcountry only since 1860, before which time the peoples of this region identifiedthemselves as Milanese, Piedmontese, Sardinians, Venetians, Sicilians, etc.
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Links: Interpreting published Sicilian genetic studies is interesting,but the most "current" general observations come from people (fromaround Sicily) who have actually had their DNA tested for haplotypes and othermarkers, and shared the results. Presently the largest online forum is . For understanding "familial" lineages dealingwith the last few centuries (the individuals behind the genes) there's really nosubstitute for documented genealogical research, described on our .
Different Wedding Customs Essay
In Search of the Indo-Europeans - Language, Archaeology and Myth - byJ.P. Mallory. First published in 1989, this book's perspective is slightly datedand the text contains no reference to genetic research (such as Cavalli-Sforza'slandmark work in genetics and linguistics), but it makes at least one passingreference to Siculan, the language of the ancient Sicels. Sicily's Elymians areignored altogether, though the (presumably) non-Indo-European Etruscans arementioned, and it has been postulated that the Elymians and Etruscans might sharecommon or similar origins. Nevertheless, the author presents an insightfulreconstruction of what Proto-Indo-European society must have been. This is animportant element in understanding the earliest civilizations that emerged fromthe darkness of prehistory, influencing early-historic Sicily. A good companionvolume to Cavalli-Sforza's (above). . .
Wedding customs by country This article has multiple ..
Mapping Human History - Unravelling the Mystery of Adam and Eve - bySteve Olson. Though it relies on the same genetic research as the other booksdescribed here, this one often transcends specific discussions of haplotypes inorder to focus on more "social" factors, and some of the conclusionsare fascinating. . .
Department of Art History and Archaeology
racism - discrimination against or antagonism towards other races;belief that there are abilities or qualities specific to each race. In practice,racism is usually negative, as it often seeks to demonstrate that one race isclearly superior to another.