Methanol is manufactured from synthesis gas which is a mixture of .

TBA is a main raw material of tert-butyl functional group in organic synthesis.
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2 CH4 + 3 H2O - CO + CO2 + 7 H2 (Synthesis Gas)

Any solid biomass including for example agricultural, city and industrial waste can be used to make synthesis gas using techniques similar to its production from coal.

Hoffmann, "Catalytic distillation in structured packings: methyl acetate synthesis", , Vol.
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A case study on synthesis of TAME", , Vol.

Whereas a few years ago, only a small amount of methanol was used directly as a fuel in cars, this use is now increasing rapidly. In China petrol is mixed with methanol (15%) without the need for engines to be redesigned. With some redesigning, more methanol (up to 85%) can be used. The advantage for China is that the methanol can be produced from both coal and biomass via synthesis gas. This emphasis of using methanol as a fuel is reflected in the global production figures for methanol. Thus worldwide, use of methanol as a fuel now accounts for 10% (about 7 million tonnes a year) but is expected to increase in the coming years.

Zhang, "Simulation of catalytic distillation process for cumene synthesis", , Vol.
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SRI's cost estimates show that the fixed capital investment for a 95 million lb/yr (43,000 t/yr) MTBE plant by the Snamprogetti process is about 76% greater than that for a conventional post-butadiene extraction MTBE plant. The higher investment, net production cost, and product value for the Snamprogetti process result primarily from the processing of additional material (i.e. butadiene) per pound of MTBE produced. When combined MTBE synthesis and butadiene extraction processes are compared (etherfication followed by extraction versus extraction followed by etherfication) there is no apparent advantage for using the Snamprogetti process. The total fixed capital for the combined process with the modified Snamprogetti process is greater than that for the conventional process sequence.

Zhang, "Nonequilibrium-stage modeling of catalytic distillation for ethylbenzene synthesis", , Vol.
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Etherification on zeolites: MTBE synthesis | RTI

Methanol is produced from synthesis gas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen), itself derived from oil,coal or, increasingly, biomass. It may become central to the development of biorefineries as an intermediate in the conversion of biomass to useful products.

Synthesis It is synthesized by ..

A most remarkable increase is in the use of methanol to produce alkenes by the , from 6 million tonnes in 2015 to an expected 20 million tonnes in 2020, which will mean that a large proportion of plastics such as poly(ethene) and poly(propene) will, in the near future, be derived from synthesis gas.

Plastics and Organic Synthesis - SIBUR Int

The first MTG plant was built in New Zealand and new plants are now being built that will also respond to demand for and , both of which need synthesis gas.

The main methanol synthesis reaction may be written:

MTBE plant started commercial operation in April 1991 with the introduction of Snamprojetti technology. This plant uses C4 Raffinate-1 and methanol remaining after extraction of butadiene(1,3BD) in the BD Plant as feedstock to produce MTBE in the MTBE synthesis unit and cracks it to produce high-purity isobutene and butene-1.