mitochondrial bottleneck hypothesis.

Below are examples of the only three kinds of dinosaurs known. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Definition of “Out of Africa” Hypothesis ..

Brian interacted with such scientists and academics, and . I also tried for many years, and their and were probably the . When I approached one academic who at least mentioned FE as a possibility, and who cited situations that I had been involved with, . That group, as a whole, might be the to accept FE’s reality. This reaction is like what the about regarding the UFO/ET issue. Those with or objections to the of FE are defending the scarcity-based ideologies that they gave their allegiance to, as they provided them with material and egocentric rewards.

A mitochondrial bottleneck hypothesis ..

Some people are more thoughtful. They donate to seemingly worthy causes and genuinely care about what is happening in the world, at least enough not to . When they hear of FE, they may ask their scientist relatives and associates what they know about it, they might contact their favorite environmental organization, and the like. The reply almost invariably is that FE is “impossible” or would be used to destroy the planet through either warfare or environmental destruction. They are advised to seek elsewhere for solutions to the world’s problems, and those seekers obediently drop the subject. They , FE seemed all-too-fantastic anyway, and such people generally fall into the category. If they live in the West, and I know the USA best, they probably listen to , watch and the , and follow the news on some “progressive” sites.

Humans are the large-brained, allegedly sentient species that dominates Earth, and humans have greatly altered evolutionary processes, down to “engineering” the DNA of organisms. We have a “nature” and multi-billion year heritage, as any organism does. How much have we changed ours, and how much do our natures really matter? Can we consciously change our natures or overcome them? The nature/nurture debate is quite old, and as the domestication of plants and animals has demonstrated, or the , nurture can nature by selective breeding at the least. The , as an experiment, and the changes were dramatic. There is plenty about humanity that is nature at work, such as a child's acquisition of language or the urge to procreate (and the related ). Also, a great deal is socially learned. At least half of the variance in human traits such as intelligence and personality has been attributed to genetics, and nearly all the rest is socialization by the peer group (I believe that the , and the guiding role, but that is not scientifically demonstrable, at least today). But few of those scientific findings regarding human nature, if any of them, are relevant to why imperial "entertainment" is no longer . The improvement in standard of living due to increased energy consumption has precipitated many changes in what was once considered human "nature," such as . In a , would the dominant ideologies exalt and ?

Increase of mitochondrial DNA content and transcripts …

Meanwhile, is crashing. As I have performed my studies since 1990, including numerous scientific topics, one issue became clear: biologists and climate scientists are in a panic regarding what is happening. Biologists know that they are living through the , which is caused by humans and is happening before their eyes. Climate scientists are watching humans alter the atmosphere to the extent that may be caused within a geologic timescale’s blink of an eye. It took more than two billion years for , and the , which took many millions of years to transpire. But humanity may end up altering the atmosphere so much in a mere few hundred years to actually turn Earth from an into a Greenhouse Earth, create and events, or myriad other potential outcomes. Industrial humanity is engaging in a chemistry and physics experiment with our home planet, and hardly anybody seems to notice or care. That frightens climate scientists, and biologists know that those potential geophysical events can make the current extinction event even more pronounced, and humans may achieve a mass extinction that exceeds even the , and do it quicker than every previous extinction event other than that . For one of many ominous trends, the oceans are being acidified by the increasingly acidic rain, which is . Peter Ward’s is not so farfetched, as he churns out grim books with his emeritus years not far off, but humans are the current agents of destruction, not Mother Earth and her other species. On , humanity is peering into the abyss.

Mitochondrial DNA variation and range expansion in …

The corporate order that rebranded or that probably resided some levels below the GCs in Earth’s power structure. The connections between them will have almost no publicly available documentation, and what might become public will always have its authenticity debated, and again, I will leave those issues behind for now and focus on more publicly known issues of history and science.

Inferences from mitochondrial DNA

In very real terms, economic production relies on work performed, and the is what economic work is rooted in. Moving an automobile or airplane requires work. Moving water requires work, as does running a household appliance or computer. Electricity can power a machine or a light. Energy consumption work to be performed, and that is why . Neoclassical economists, with their supply and demand curves and other social/monetary constructs generally disregard that relationship, as they abandoned the real world for social theories, which is why . Those all-too-rare economists challenging neoclassical economics from a scientific perspective focus on energy above all else, and the labor and technological capital ( capital, not the accounting claim on it that capitalists have) that use that energy to turn material resources into useful products and services. They focus on the real economy and actual human benefit, in what I call the anthropocentric economy.