Ecosystems and Human Well–being: Biodiversity Synthesis
The importance of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment for the Maryland 2050 project cannot be overstated. It is an assessment of the current state of knowledge concerning the consequences of ecosystem changes for human well-being, and very useful to guide decisions on complex issues, the sort of which are being discussed by MD 2050. The scenarios might be used as a starting framework to think about plausible futures for the state. The MA also sheds light on the areas of consensus within the scientific community, as well as those where uncertainty is the norm and more research and information is necessary.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is an international work program launched by the United Nations in 2001 and designed to meet the needs of decision makers and the public for scientific information concerning the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and options for responding to those changes. The global assessment was launched in March 2005 with the input and review of over 1,300 authors from 95 countries; a truly comprehensive and highly authoritative assessment of the state of the planet. The MA synthesizes information from the scientific literature, datasets, and scientific models, and includes knowledge held by the private sector, practitioners, local communities and indigenous peoples. The MA has helped build individual and institutional capacity to undertake integrated ecosystem assessments, identify priorities for action and act on the findings. It will help to meet assessment needs of Multilateral Environmental Agreements, as well as needs of other users in governments, private sector and civil society.
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was carried out between 2001 and 2005 to assess the consequences of ecosystemchange for human well-being and to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the conservationand sustainable use of ecosystems and their contributions to human well-being. The MA responds to governmentrequests for information received through four international conventions—the Convention on Biological Diversity, theUnited Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and the Convention onMigratory Species—and is designed to also meet needs of other stakeholders, including the business community, thehealth sector, nongovernmental organizations, and indigenous peoples. The sub-global assessments also aimed to meetthe needs of users in the regions where they were undertaken.
MILLENNIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT 2005 | Ecosystem …
Text adapted from: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC. ()
A Report of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Synthesis Team ..
The results are being released in a series of "synthesis reports" throughout 2005, including Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis (World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.) published May 19.