Portugal–EU Convergence Revisited: Evidence for the …

for what is commonly referred to as the language deficit hypothesis, ..
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Books and journals for the social sciences and the humanities.

According to Akers, “theories are tentative answers to the commonly asked questions about events and behavior.” Theory is a set of interconnected statements that explain how two or more things are related, based upon a confirmed hypotheses and established multiple times by disconnected groups of researchers.

Definitions of the important terms you need to know about in order to understand Psychology ..
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Convergence and divergence of communicative norms through ..

A third possibility for the relationship between science and religion, one of interaction, at minimum holds that dialogue between science and religion can be valuable, more that science and religion can constructively benefit from engagement, and at maximum envisions a convergence of scientific and religious perspectives. Generally, this view encourages an effort to explore the significance of scientific understanding for religious understanding and vice versa. With this approach science remains relevant beyond the museum for many people who might otherwise ignore scientific findings.

This paper uses the stochastic approach to convergence to investigate whether real ..
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One of the many problems with null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is that it encourages dichotomous thinking: Either an effect is statistically significant or it’s not (Kline, 2004). Using a p value to merely test if there is a significant difference between groups does little to progress science. Surely a more informative and interesting question to ask is “How big is the effect?” or “How strong is the relationship?” CIs give us a method for answering such questions.

Convergence and divergence of communicative norms ..
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Does the Interpreter Converge with the Speaker

Advocates of Intelligent Design (ID) hold that there are features of the natural world for which there are no natural explanations and that these features can be shown analytically to be the result of a designing agent. Although ID advocates seldom specify who the designer is, the logic of their argument requires that the designer be beyond nature, or supernatural. However, advocates for ID have not been able to show that their claims are genuinely scientific. While the scientific community welcomes new theoretical proposals, these must lead to active research programs that deepen our understanding of nature and that can find confirmation in either laboratory or field observations. Thus far, ID advocates have been unable to do either.

like in the case of interpreting egalitarian matrifocality ..

Dworkin proposed another challenging idea: there is a certain kind of partnership among art critics (and to some lesser degree—and with a slightly different tone—also between art critics and the artists themselves). No matter how we define and practice interpretation, our efforts are bound to be affected by those of previous interpreters. The interdependence of interpretations is expressed by with the help of the concept of the chain novel: a novel produced by several authors who write seriatim, each picking up where the previous author left off. This process entails that each author in the chain, except for the first, interpret the work of the previous one(s). Much in the spirit of hermeneutics, Dworkin later spoke of the “traditions of literary criticism” (2011.142): all interpretations form part of a tradition (the historical context and storehouses of interpretation built by our predecessors), from which interpreters can never wholly escape. Interpretation is interpretive of the tradition in which it interprets— as Dworkin puts it (), it is interpretive “all the way down.”

Explicitness in translation and interpreting: ..

Although this will not always lead to an interpretation unequivocally accepted as the single correct interpretation, it is, at the same time, strikingly different from a subjectivism that holds that no analysis or theory is better than any other (because, by hypothesis, the desired interpretation is the one that makes a literary work the best it can be; see also ). So, for instance, on Dworkin’s aesthetic hypothesis, not all possible interpretations of Sappho fragment 1 are “correct”; interpreters need to establish interpretation(s) that suggest the best realisation(s) of the poem’s genre. The aesthetic hypothesis thus provides a theoretical tool for testing the strength of diverging interpretations that are to be regarded as small-scale substantive value judgements and as partial answers to the question of where the value of a literary work lies.