Statement of a hypothesis that is too general.

Since a hypothesis is a statement of a relationship between variables, it must be properly stated.

Example of a complex multiple independent variable hypothesis:

Indirect financial programmes are usually less effective than direct financial programmes because direct financial incentives are stronger motivators. The principal advantage of indirect plans is that they require less detailed and accurate performance measures. Organizational policies that favourably affect morale, result in increased productivity and provide some financial benefit to employees are considered to be indirect incentive programmes. It is important to note that for indirect financial programmes no exact relationship exists between employee output and financial incentives. Examples of indirect incentive programmes include relatively high base rates, generous fringe benefits, awards programmes, year-end bonuses and profit-sharing.

Statement of the research hypothesis in such a way that it cannot be tested.

Example of a complex multiple dependent variable hypothesis:

Ideally, the process of defining each employee’s role should proceed such that each employee is clear about his or her role. Unfortunately, this is often not the case and employees experience a lack of role clarity or, as it is commonly called, role ambiguity. According to Breaugh and Colihan (1994), employees are often unclear about how to do their jobs, when certain tasks should be performed and the criteria by which their performance will be judged. In some cases, it is simply difficult to provide an employee with a crystal-clear picture of his or her role. For example, when a job is relatively new, it is still “evolving” within the organization. Furthermore, in many jobs the individual employee has tremendous flexibility regarding how to get the job done. This is particularly true of highly complex jobs. In many other cases, however, role ambiguity is simply due to poor communication between either supervisors and subordinates or among members of work groups.

the value of the association measure under thenull hypothesis, always .

One can consider mechanisms by which workers can exercise control and the domains over which that control can apply. One way that workers can exercise control is by making decisions as individuals. These decisions can be about what tasks to complete, the order of those tasks, and the standards and processes to follow in completing those tasks, to name but a few. The worker might also have some collective control either through representation or by social action with co-workers. In terms of domains, control might apply to such matters as the work pace, the amount and timing of interaction with others, the physical work environment (lighting, noise and privacy), scheduling of vacations or even matters of policy at the worksite. Finally, one can distinguish between objective and subjective control. One might, for example, have the ability to choose one’s work pace but not be aware of it. Similarly, one might believe that one can influence policies in the workplace even though this influence is essentially nil.

Incomplete description of the research hypothesis.


Familiar examples ofprotozoa are flagellates (incl.

Assignment of participants to groups in a manner that is inappropriate for the intended design (for example, randomly assigning participants to groups in a randomized blocks design).

Ch. 8 - Hypotheses Flashcards | Quizlet


What's the Big Deal?
Purpose, Hypotheses, Research Questions Tips & Tricks
Qualitative Research
Writing the Hypothesis
Purpose Statement Guidelines
Single sentence
Use key identifier words such as, "The purpose of this study is..."
Consider mentioning the study is "qualitative"
Include the central phenomenon
Use qualitative words e.g.

concepts by specifying the expected relationships between ..

Issue
Qualitative Research
Purpose Statement Components
Indicates intent to explore or understand the central phenomenon with specific individuals
Purpose Statements
Central Phenomenon
Concept or process explored
Focus on a single concept or process rather than relating two or more ideas
Emerging Process
Purpose and questions may change based on the responses from participants
Specifying a Purpose and Research Questions or Hypotheses

Chelsea Von Iderstein, Krystel Rae Davis, Deanna Thagard
Purpose statement:
a sentence in an educational study that states the overall direction or objective of the study.

Biswajit Saha : Library and Information Science: Hypothesis

The ownership structure can play two effects on earnings quality (). According to the “demand” hypothesis, firms with stronger demand for quality reporting from capital providers would present higher earnings quality. argue that earnings of public equity firms have of higher quality than earnings of private equity firms due to stronger demand by shareholders and creditors for quality reporting. On the other hand, the “opportunistic behavior” hypothesis says that firms with diffuse ownership structure should present lower earnings quality because their managers have higher incentives to manipulate earnings.