29.05.2007 · Under the ‘mapping hypothesis’ ..
Survey Working Group (2012). Global Impact Study survey research questions and hypothesis mapping. Seattle: Technology & Social Change Group, University of Washington Information School.
Checking the Brain Mapping Hypothesis: Predicting …
This study forwards the hypothesis that tools such as data mining, mapping, and advanced analytics can be used by governmental and nongovernmental organizations, law enforcement, academia, and the private sector to further the anti-trafficking goals of prevention, protection, and prosecution. Adapting these technologies and methods requires careful consideration of potential implications for civil liberties, such as privacy and freedom of expression. This report applies detailed methods to understanding the relationship between domestic human trafficking and online technologies through literature reviews, field research, and interviews. In addition, the report presents preliminary results from primary research in developing tools to assist law enforcement and anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes with a set of recommendations and guidelines to inform future research and technological interventions in human trafficking.
John R. Anderson proposed a correspondence between ACT-R modules and brain regions (Brain Mapping Hypothesis). Using a paradigm requiring rule-based matching of chemical structures (pseudo formulae) with their respective names, we compared ACT-R-generated blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) signal curves with BOLD curves obtained from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scans. We found significant correlations between ACT-R generated and human BOLD curves for sensory and motor modules and regions in particular, whereas a lack of significant results was observed for mappings between internal modules and regions. This result was ascribed to the fact that in contrast to Anderson’s studies, our subjects were not urged to follow a single strategy. Instead the task allowed them to construct their personal strategy within a constraint-based strategy space. Accordingly, the mapping hypothesis was tested strategy-specific. As subjects are generally not able to reliably identify their own in a retrospective manner, we used Response-Time (RT) data in combination with a Bayesian Belief Net to identify personal problem solving strategies. Keywords: ACT-R; BOLD signal prediction, brain-mapping hypothesis