The Bibliography and List of References.

When making reference to unpublished university dissertations or theses you must include:

Specifications for Thesis Preparation.

Be sure to include a hook at the beginning of the introduction. This is a statement of something sufficiently interesting to motivate your reader to read the rest of the paper, it is an important/interesting scientific problem that your paper either solves or addresses. You should draw the reader in and make them want to read the rest of the paper.

Anna Leone,  (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 2001), p. 23.

MLA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Kasai, Aya
2008 Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

When working in a networked environment, sharing literature and references with our colleagues should be easy. A reference manager may facilitate effective sharing.


Chicago citation format for a published MA thesis:

When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way:

Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above.

Crowe, Byron Dan. 2010. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

AAA citation format for a published MA thesis:

However, your publisher favours a numbered reference style and you need to adapt your manuscript. By simply changing the reference style in your reference manager, all the citations and the reference list in your manuscript change to the publishers style.

The role of whisker length in mouse

When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name:


Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).Theses.

Kasai, Aya. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2008. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

Structure of a thesis proposal III.

Different journals and publishers, or the institution where you eventually submit your thesis, will have guidelines for citations and reference lists. Explore how you can import and edit reference styles with your reference manager.

Order in which to write the proposal IV.

A particularly useful feature in many reference managers is the possibility of creating your own keywords. When downloading references you can choose to include the topical keywords provided. However, you may need to index your references differently than in the source, and creating your own keywords will let you do that. By adapting keywords based on your own retrieval needs you ensure efficient access to the relevant literature in your library.