(DNA, RNA), protein synthesis, ..

Filmmaker Dan Ragussis turns his lens to chemistry at war with his short movie on Fritz Haber.
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Fritz Haber | Chemical Heritage Foundation

Once inside, viruses release their genomes and also disrupt or hijack various parts of the cellular machinery. Viral genomes direct host cells to ultimately produce viral proteins (many a time halting the synthesis of any RNA and proteins that the host cell can use). Ultimately, viruses stack the deck in their favor, both inside the host cell and within the host itself by creating conditions that allow for them to spread. For example, when suffering from the common cold, one sneeze emits 20,000 droplets containing rhinovirus or coronavirus particles, according to "Molecular Biology of the Cell." Touching or breathing those droplets in, is all it takes for a cold to spread.

There are even hints that those early organisms engaged in photosynthesis, which is likely to have been a protein-dependent process then, as now.
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synthesis Protocol - German translation – Linguee

Predominantly, viruses have a reputation for being the cause of contagion. Widespread events of disease and death have no doubt bolstered such a reputation. The 2014 outbreak of in West Africa, and the 2009 pandemic (a widespread global outbreak) likely come to mind. While such viruses certainly are wily foes for scientists and medical professionals, others of their ilk have been instrumental as research tools; furthering the understanding of basic cellular processes such as the mechanics of protein synthesis, and of viruses themselves.

Wöhler’s synthesis is a synthesis of urea performed by the German chemist ..
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Cecile Reynaud has her expertise in the synthesis and chemical physics of nanomaterials. Her work has mainly dealt with silicon nanocrystals and aligned carbon nanotubes. She was for 15 years at the head of the Laboratory of Nanometric Assemblies (LEDNA) in the fundamental research division of Saclay CEA center. The LEDNA group follows the "bottom-up" approach of nanosciences. It develops its own synthesis methods and obtains nanostructured materials with well-controlled characteristics. The applications are relevant for energy, health, environmental issues and the development of composite materials. The group also develop the up-scaling of its processes to allow their industrial transfer.

a German chemist named Fritz Haber developed a chemical method for producing large ..
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the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine ..

Chemists, whose culture is providing most of the tools of modern synthetic biology, lie between physicists and biologists in their willingness to allow aesthetics to influence their professional work. In the 20th century, chemists developed an “art” (a delightfully ambiguous term) called “The Total Synthesis of Natural Products”. Total synthesis, as an activity, reassembles molecules from Nature from simple precursors following a sequence of deliberately selected chemical reactions.

Biology H: Chapter 25 Vocabulary Flashcards | Quizlet

Nowhere is this better exemplified than in the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA. From the time that Watson and Crick originally proposed the double helix, scientists, teachers, and laypeople alike have effused about its elegance and beauty. Its picture graces the cover of textbooks. It twirls in the introduction to Nova episodes on PBS. And throughout much of the world of synthetic biology, DNA is regarded as utilitarian perfection, an example of perfect chemistry delivered by a perfect biology. Indeed, to the engineers so prominent in today's synthetic biology, DNA's presumed perfection inspires, instructs, and delivers to the engineer “biobricks” that can be standardized, archived, and re-assembled into large constructs, much like Lego® blocks.

Start studying Biology H: Chapter 25 Vocabulary ..

At first glance, these discussions do seem to show that synthesis in chemistry conforms to the universal signatures that philosopher Denis Dutton used to characterize the “aesthetic” []:

What is the region of DNA preceding ..

But looking more deeply, the claim by chemists of an aesthetic quality to their synthetic work in large part disappears into a utilitarian fog. For example, in 1901, the German chemist Richard Willstätter made tropinone, a precursor for atropine, via the synthetic route shown in red in [].