Fundamental lexical hypothesis The hypothesis that …
The literature on language evolution is too large to survey in this article (but see Botha 2003 for an excellent overview and critique).Suffice it to note that as yet, no consensus has emerged as to how innate knowledge of UG might have evolved from whatever preadaptations existed in our ancestors. Of course, this is not in itself a problem for linguistic nativists: formulating and testing hypotheses about human cognitive evolution is a massively difficult enterprise, due largely to the difficulty of finding evidence bearing on one's hypothesis. (See Lewontin 1998 and Sterelny2003:95-116.)
LEXICAL HYPOTHESIS - Psychology Dictionary
With the wide-spread acceptance of the lexicalist hypothesis (Chomsky 1970) or, as it is better known today, the Lexical Integrity Hypothesis (LIH), morphology has become an integral part of generative linguistics. Yet in spite of the enormous progress made possible by the introduction of formal models, certain fundamental questions of morphology are still unresolved. One such question
The method performs WSD over the words in the sentence in order to work with concepts rather than terms, and makes use of the knowledge in an affective lexicon to label these concepts with emotional categories.
value discrepancy hypothesis Lexical Hypothesis ..
Suppose that the primary linguistic data were impoverished in all theways that nativists claim and suppose, too, that children know a bunch of things for which there is no evidence available — suppose, as Hornstein and Lightfoot (1981:9) put it, that “[p]eople attain knowledge of the structure of their language for which no evidence is available in the data to which theyare exposed as children.” What follows from this is that there must be constraints on the learning mechanism: children do not enumerate all possible grammatical hypotheses and test them against the data. Some possible hypotheses must be ruled out a priori. But, critics allege, what does not follow from this is any particular view about the nature of the requisite constraints. (Cowie 1999: ch.8.) A fortiori, what does not follow from this is the view that Universal Grammar (construed as a theory about the structural properties common to all natural languages, per Terminological Note 2 above) is inborn.
Language Label Description Also known as; English: lexical hypothesis
In the linguistic case, what sometimes seems to underpin people's positions on such issues is differing intuitions as to who has the burden of proof in this debate. Empiricists or non-nativists contend that Chomskyans have not presented enough data (or considered enough alternative hypotheses) to establish their case. Chomskyans reply that they have done more than enough, and that the onus is on their critics either to produce data disconfirming their view or to producea testable alternative to it.
the more likely is it to become expressed as a single word
State-of-the-art phrase-based and hierarchical statistical MT systems are augmented with appropriate morpho-syntactic enhancements, as well as alternative phrase training methods and extended lexicon models.