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Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke — …

Complex and counter-intuitive effects are uncovered andanalyzed, with different event timestamp distributions and availablelevels of concurrency in the synthetic benchmark models.

07/03/2013 · Original Article

The first point to draw attention to is that nothing in any of thethree determinate forms of the Embodiment Thesis entails the extendedmind thesis. Thus, the view that cognition is embodied (in somespecific sense: constrained, distributed, or regulated) is compatiblewith the denial of the view that cognition is extended. Expressed interms of the Body as Distributor thesis, perhaps cognitive processingis distributed by the body across neural and non-neural resources, butall of the relevant non-neural resources are contained within theboundaries of the body. We believe that this is the positionoccupied by the core of the embodied cognitive science community. (Forexample, Barsalou's recent [2008] review paper on “groundedcognition”, which completely omits mention of any the largephilosophical literature on extended cognition, is indicative of thisstate of affairs.)

The empirical literature suggests that the specificity of one'sown bodily cues and affective reactions (e.g., nausea, arousal) guideand constrain cognitive processing in social and moral domains. Inaddition, it suggests that dramatic deficits occur when subjects do notexhibit and make use of these cues and reactions. Damasio'ssomatic marker hypothesis (1994, 1996) claims that bodily states,normally triggered during emotional experiences, are re-enactedwhenever certain situations occur or are considered, and suchre-enaction avoids deleterious consequences of one's course ofaction. When the capacity to integrate these feelings (either positiveor negative) with one's own knowledge of facts is severelycompromised, as is the case in ventro-medial-prefrontal cortex (VMPFC)patients, making judgments and decisions is severely impaired. As a‘gambling task’ (Bechara et alia 1994) reveals, in theabsence of embodied states (e.g., anticipatory skin conductanceresponse) VMPFC patients miss a fundamental source of information aboutthe possible outcomes associated with different actions (see alsoBechara et alia 2000). If Damasio's hypothesis is correct, thenthe affective and bodily feedback implicated in various types of moraljudgment do not simply lead to different understandings andconceptualizations of the situation at hand, but are part of thephysical machinery realizing cognitive processes.


Positive Psychology to Substance Use Disorder | …

The vast body of literature on health information technology (HIT) adoption features considerably heterogeneous factors and demands for a synthesis of the knowledge in the field. This study employs text mining and network analysis techniques to identify the important concepts and their relationships in the abstracts of 979 articles of HIT adoption. Through the lens of Activity Theory, the revealed concept map of HIT adoption can be viewed as a complex activity system involving different users, technologies and tasks at both the individual level and the social level. Such a synthesis not only discloses the current knowledge domain of HIT adoption, but also provides guidance for future research on HIT adoption.

The Impact of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and …

Accounting for the evolutionary origins of morphological novelty is one of the core challenges of contemporary evolutionary biology. A successful explanatory framework requires the integration of different biological disciplines, but the relationships between developmental biology and standard evolutionary biology remain contested. There is also disagreement about how to define the concept of evolutionary novelty. These issues were the subjects of a workshop held in November 2009 at the University of Alberta. We report on the discussion and results of this workshop, addressing questions about (i) how to define evolutionary novelty and understand its significance, (ii) how to interpret evolutionary developmental biology as a synthesis and its relation to neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory, and (iii) how to integrate disparate biological approaches in general.

Can 2010 Ford Fusion Be Towed Four On The Ground …

(DFR) is not a new concept, but it has begun to receive a great deal of attention in recent years. What is DFR? What are the ingredients for designing for reliability, and what is involved in implementing DFR? Should DFR be part of a Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) program, and is DFR the same as DFSS? In this article, we will try to answer these questions and, at the same time, we will propose a general DFR process that can be adopted and deployed with a few modifications across different industries in a way that will fit well into the overall Product Development Process. The Synthesis applications can be used together based on the DFR approach.