An atom is made up of protons neutrons, and electrons.
A series of grandly expensive experiments have failedto find the necessary neutrino flux. Wouldn't a normally intelligent scientistnow stop and go back and ask if perhaps some other mechanism might be at the root ofthis energy production?Mainstream science has consciously turned a blind eye to the possibility of any otherenergy producing mechanism in the Sun.
It is made of "positive ions" (mostly protons), (mostly electrons).
A careful estimate as of 2013 determined that humanity has reduced Earth’s plant-based biomass by more than a third since the beginnings of agriculture. Humanity certainly could not have industrialized by using wood. Arguments making the case that deforestation was not why coal was adopted in England are shaky and also irrelevant to the fact that England could not have industrialized with wood. Iron operations regularly shut down during England’s early industrial history due to wood shortages. The economics of coal were evident to even imperial Romans, but nobody would use coal if they could avoid it. Some until the late 19th century. But using sunlight energy captured during the tree’s life could not compete for long with mining ancient sunlight trapped in coal that was collected over tens of millions of years, even if nobody initially knew how coal was formed. Even today, the British Isles’ grassy hills provide austere evidence of the rampant deforestation that those lands have yet to recover from. That the British Isles have any woods at all is a testament to using fossil fuels to power the Industrial Revolution.
When the current president is not up for re-election, as they either chose to not have a second term or have already completed their second term, the preseason usually takes more time as history shows the two major parties go through a thorough process to...
Failure of proton electron hypothesis
They suggested that energy was transferred from the beryllium radiation to the proton by a process similar to the Compton effect with electrons, and they estimated that the beryllium radiation had a quantum energy of about 50 x 106 electron volts.
Failure of proton electron hypothesis - advanced …
Firstly, it is now well established that the frequency of scattering of high energy quanta by electrons is given with fair accuracy by the Klein-Nishina formula, and this formula should also apply to the scattering of quanta by a proton.
Failure of proton electron hypothesis - …
In particular, its mass was to be the mass equivalent of its electromagneticenergy contents; its inertia, i.e., the inertial term in Newton's equationsof motion, was to be entirely due to its own electromagnetic field.
and this led to the failure of electron proton hypothesis
They werelater clarified and extended to fast moving electrons by Abraham and othersespecially after Einstein's special theory of relativity became accepted.
failed to explain by proton electron hypothesis.
The mass defect of the C13 nucleus is known both from data supplied by measurements of the artificial disintegration of boron B10 and from observations of the band spectrum of carbon; it is about 10 x 106 electron volts.
Proton Mobility and Electron Exchange in Aqueous Media ..
However, relativity was not applied to the theory in a consistent way and,consequently, the difficulty that the union of relativity and electron theorycould have removed, remained there for many years.