Autism & theory of mind: just whose mind are we referring to here?

Steps in theory-of-mind development for children with deafness or autism.

Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind [Internet].

The main aim of this experiment was to investigate if high functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome would be impaired on a theory of mind test called the ?Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task?

Brief report: Developmental change in theory of mind abilities in children with autism.

Mindblindness: an essay on autism and theory of mind.

Baron-Cohen et al argue that the results of the study provide experimental evidence for subtle theory of mind deficits in individuals with autism or Asperger syndrome. They argue that the core deficit involved in Autism is the lack of an advanced theory of mind.

The researchers also cautiously note that there may be sex differences in the rate of development of theory of mind in early childhood and that this may be the cause of female superiority in language development and male superiority in spatial skills.


Autism: beyond ‘theory of mind’.

Baron-Cohen et al argue that participants with autism and Asperger syndrome may have been less successful on the mental state tasks because their theory of mind deficiencies may have led to problems in appreciating some of the mental states employed in the Strange Stories test.

Critically Evaluate the Theory of Mind Hypothesis of Autism

Happe (1994) developed a more advanced theory of mind test called the strange stories task designed for the level of a normal 8-9 year old. This task involved story comprehension, where the key question in the task either concerned a character's mental states (the experimental condition) or physical events (the control condition). It was found that both adults with autism or Asperger syndrome had more difficulty with the mental state task than ?normal? control participants.

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Evaluating the Theory-of-Mind Hypothesis of Autism Introduction Evaluating the Theory-of-Mind Hypothesis of Autism (cont.) EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS, LANGUAGE,
AND THEORY OF MIND IN AUTISM Representing inner
worlds: Theory of mind in autistic, deaf and normal hearing children Introduction Evaluating the Theory-of-Mind
Hypothesis of Autism (cont.) BEYOND THEORY OF MIND IN AUTISM Discussion & Tager-Flusberg, H.

Examining the theory of mind hypothesis for autism The ..

Methods Representing inner worlds: Theory of mind in autistic, deaf and normal hearing children (cont.) Results Representing inner worlds:
Theory of mind in autistic, deaf and normal hearing children (cont.) Discussion Evidence for deficits on different components of theory of mind in Huntington's disease Introduction Methods Results MORE DISCUSSION !

Explaining the theory of mind deficit in autism …

However Baron-Cohen et al. argue that because such test were designed for six year olds they can only demonstrate that the adults tested have theory of mind skills equivalent to those of a six year old. Six year old children with normal intelligence can pass such tests and therefore Baron Cohen et al. note that if an adult with autism of normal intelligence can pass a second order test all we can conclude is that they have an intact theory of mind skills at the level of a 6 year old.