James Rachels examines the ideas ..
He calls this the "equivalence" thesis, and the main argument for it is called the "bare difference argument." Rachels sets up two cases that are supposed to be exactly alike except that one involves killing and the other involves letting die:
Smith stands to gain a large inheritance if anything should happen to his six-year-old cousin.
An essay is a short work equivalence thesis james rachels of ..
The libertarian view, advocated by philosopher James Rachels, states that there is no morally relevant difference between active and passive euthanasia.
The notion that nontreatment decisions kill is not new. Its academic pedigree dates especially from a famous, highly controversial essay by James Rachels. The assertion has been vigorously rejected by numerous authorities.50 Nevertheless it continues to be propounded by some, and has previously surfaced in the Canadian debate.51
james rachels wants to argue that the following principle is.
The early critics of the doing/allowing distinction focus on appealingto intuitions to cast doubt on the claim that commonsense moralityattributes significance to the doing/allowing distinction. Rachels(1975) and Tooley (1972) offer contrast cases in which all otherfactors are held constant and killing and letting die seem morallyequivalent. Kamm (2007) and Frowe (2007) respond by arguing that we donot treat these cases as morally equivalent, while Kagan (1988) andQuinn (1989) challenge the inference from the moral equivalence of thecases described to the general equivalence of doing and allowing ingeneral.
Equivalence thesis james rachels : Quote movie in essay
James Rachels (1975) provides a classic example of the contrast strategy. He offers us a pair of cases—in one, Smith drowns his youngcousin in the bathtub; in the other, Jones plans to drown his youngcousin, but finds the boy already unconscious under water and refrainsfrom saving him. The two cases are exactly alike except that the firstis a killing and the second a letting die. Rachels invites us to agreethat Smith’s behavior is no worse than Jones’s. He thenconcludes that killing per se is no worse than letting die per se, andthat if typical killings are worse than typical lettings die that mustbe because of other factors.
Rachels (May 30, 1941 – September 5, ..
Jack Kevorkian helped put assisted suicide on the map in the 1990's.
Our papers by James Rachels
"Active and Passive Euthanasia" argues for the view that there is no inherent moral distinction in allowing someone to die versus killing them.
the bare difference argument or equivalence thesis.
'Misunderstanding the Moral Equivalence of Killing and Letting Die'
One of the most famous discussions in applied ethics, James Rachels’s advocacy of euthanasia, contains an argument that implies the moral equivalence of killing and letting die. What Rachels overlooks is that the thought experiments they rely upon to demonstrate this equivalence actually suggest that many readers had earlier underestimated the wrongness of allowing someone to die rather than overestimated the wrongness of killing. So if Rachels is correct about killing and letting die, there are actually two lessons to be learned by those who oppose active euthanasia.
The first lesson which Rachels seeks to inculcate, is that active euthanasia cannot be distinguished from passive euthanasia, on the grounds that the first of each pair involve a killing and the latter just allowing death. But the secon
Rachels, "Killing and Starving To Death" - Angelfire
From quatrains to construction, publication to prefabrication, Fluxkits to Fluxhouse Cooperatives: the work of George Maciunas, Alison Knowles, and other artists associated with Fluxus repeatedly established an equivalence between the printed page and the architectural edifice. In same period, architectural discourse was exploited by artists seeking to site their work in magazine spreads. Join Colby Chamberlain (Columbia University, and Senior Editor at Triple Canopy) as he uncovers the role of architectural thought in transforming the terms of artists’ publishing. Rachel Valinsky will introduce the evening.