Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis empathy altruism …

The innate desire that compels humans to help is called altruism by psychologists.

Kin Altruism, Reciprocal Altruism, and the Big ..

Vaillant, G. E. (2000). Adaptive mental mechanisms their role in a positive psychology [Special issue]. , (1), 89. doi:10.1037/0003–066X.55.1.89 Psychology needs a metric for positive mental health that would be analogous to the IQ tests that measure above average intelligence. The Defensive Function Scale of the DSM–IV offers a possible such metric. In the present article the author links the transformational qualities of defenses at the mature end of the Defensive Function Scale (altruism, suppression, humor, anticipation, and sublimation) to positive psychology. First, the methodological problems involved in the reliable assessment of defenses are acknowledged. Next, the use of prospective longitudinal study to overcome such difficulties and to provide more reliable definition and measurement of defenses is outlined. Evidence is also offered that, unlike many psychological measures, the maturity of defenses is quite independent of social class, education, and IQ. Last, evidence is offered to illustrate the validity of mature defenses and their contribution to positive psychology.

Batson and colleagues argue yes, empathic reaction is a source of altruistic motivation.

Altruism and Volunteerism: The perceptions of altruism …

Presentation Summary : Altruism Is In Our Genes. There is an alternative approach that has developed from the perspective of evolutionary biology. Altruistic behaviour amongst modern humans ...

For the altruist, addressing the needs of humanity is purportedly the sole purpose of existence.

In their illuminating article, ‘STATUS, REPUTATION, AND ALTRUISM: Going Green to Be Seen:Status, Reputation, and Conspicuous Conservation,’ Vladas Griskevicius of the University of Minnesota, Joshua M....

Or is "altruism" merely doing things for others in order to feel good about ourselves....


the Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis.

Seligman introduced positive psychology as "a movement" during his term as president of the APA in 1998. He and Csikszentmihalyi followed up in 2000 with a paper introducing a special issue of the , devoted to positive psychology. In this seminal article, the authors presented positive psychology as a corrective to what they described as the dominant approach of modern psychology: the disease model of human functioning. The authors described three levels of analysis including the subjective (about valued subjective experiences like well–being, contentment, hope, optimism, flow and happiness); the individual level (positive psychological traits like the capacity for love, vocation, courage, perseverance, forgiveness, spirituality, high talent and wisdom) and the group level (civic virtues and institutions that facilitate citizenship, responsibility, nurturance, altruism, civility, moderation, tolerance and work ethic). The authors were hostile to the earlier efforts of humanistic psychology and called for the use of rigorous scientific standards in examining the psychology of positive human functioning (although, much of Seligman's recent research has been done using questionnaires distributed and answered through the Internet).

Putting the Altruism Back into Altruism: The Evolution …

Non-conscious processes may also be quicker than conscious processes, an advantage in critical situations where survival is determined in a matter of seconds.Hypothesis 3: Following from reciprocal altruism theory, it is predicted that an individual's helping intentions will reflect the expected likelihood for the target to help if positions in the situation were reversed.Hypothesis 4: Participants should have a higher expected likelihood for kin helping them than for non-kin helping them, an intuitive expression of inclusive fitness theory.

Putting the Altruism Back into Altruism: The Evolution of ..

The premise of this blog is that, between the time that hominins arose from apes six million years ago and 200 thousand years ago when Homo sapiens appeared, all hominins mentally existed within a common collective consciousness resulting in an extremely high degree of empathy in which altruism was the norm. The findings in the study support this hypothesis because the neural pathway for empathetic motivation for altruism is the simpler baseline pathway, whereas the reciprocal altruistic motivation is clearly more complexly modulated and derived from it (see the figure). In the blog’s scenario, reciprocal altruism would pertain to a specific and derived form of altruism aimed at promoting fairness in line with the principal overall hominin adaptive agenda of natural selection for the productivity and fertility of relationships as opposed to the fitness of individuals.