During the early medieval period, ..

Flat Earth Bible 08 of 10 - Early & Medieval Christians will be available on

Prelude to the Early Renaissance In early medieval Europe, ..

With regard to Dr. Beattie's second main criticism, that there is an imbalance in favour of 'external attributes' over the 'internal life' of the family, I agree that greater coverage of the emotional lives and affective relations between medieval family members would have been desirable. I would have very much appreciated the opportunity to explore saints' lives and other literary, and indeed artistic, sources, but once again, considerations of space prevented me from so doing. I decided, with great regret, that a token nod in the direction of these sources would do more harm than good (although I suppose I must own up to this sin in relation to saints' lives); I made a similar decision about any sustained discussion of the physical environment of the household, despite - or rather because of - the large and fascinating body of material now available on this subject. Rather than try to sketch everything, I opted for a more targeted approach. Dr. Beattie is very generous in what she says about my explication of the legal and political frameworks of family life, and I was delighted that she was so positive on this point, since when embarking upon this book it seemed to me that this was an area in which I could offer something of particular value to students and other scholars. In my experience of teaching the history of the family and gender relations in medieval and early-modern England, the necessary understanding of the legal complexities of family formation, the distribution of property through marriage and inheritance, wardship and other related matters was one of the things with which students had the most difficulty. A concise and clear explanation of these matters would also, I judged, be of use to many scholars whose interests lay with 'softer' aspects of the history of the family and social relations. I am certainly not a legal historian, and so ventured into this field with some trepidation, but for one reader at least, my efforts were evidently worthwhile.

There were two very important outgrowths of this Germanic RURALIZATION of early medieval Europe:

The aim of this paper is to provide a synthesis of Dutch finds ..

(For moreon the connection between these two conceptions, see of the main document.) The third is resolution as problem-solving, understood as what is prior to the systematic act of demonstration (synthesis).

Let’s sum up now what you’ve learned about the early Middle Ages. First, the entry of the Germanic peoples into Europe began the gradual amalgamation of Christianity, Roman traditions, and Germanic culture into a new, medieval civilization. We can first see this new European civilization in the reign of Charlemagne (768-814): in his Frankish empire, a new model of kingship emerged and a new political and social organization, feudalism, took root. The early Middle Ages, and Charlemagne’s empire, came to an end when Magyar, Saracen, and Viking invasions ravaged Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries.


Lecture 4 The Medieval Synthesis ..

During the early medieval period, the Slavs expanded from their original homeland in the Ukraine to colonize vast areas and to found most of the modern nations in Eastern Europe.

Medieval philosophy - Wikipedia

The medieval period in history was the era in European history – from around the 5th to the 15th century, coming after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and preceding the start of the early modern era.

Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era ..

The first of three chapters is entitled 'Marriage Making'. It is here that Fleming gets to articulate his views about the evolution of marriage and the importance of consent. The first and longest subsection is 'Marriage in Theory and Law'. This begins with a useful summary of what the medieval conception of marriage took from three sources: Roman law, Judaeo-Christian scriptures and the writings of the early church fathers and Germanic customs. It then discusses the growth of clerical jurisdiction over marriage in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, with the adoption of consent as the sole requirement for a valid marriage. Quite a lot of space is also devoted to outlining the various categories of impediments to marriage, to be enforced by church courts. This subsection can be viewed as typical of Fleming's style in this book: the writing is lucid but succinct; the different historiographic views are made evident but pointed comments reveal Fleming's own position, and examples from primary sources are used to illustrate points in a lively and engaging manner (sometimes translations from the Latin cited by scholars like Richard Helmholz, elsewhere from well-known letter collections or unpublished wills and Chancery petitions). Saints' lives, though, are used in a less sophisticated way as evidence of the incompatibility of family life and sainthood, rather than as ideological texts with their own agendas.