Cell Wall Synthesis Inhibitors Flashcards | Quizlet
THE CAUSES OF HYPOXIA: ISCHEMIA ("ischemic hypoxia"; "stagnant hypoxia"): Loss of arterial blood flow (* literally, "holding back the blood") Local causes Occlusion of the arteries that bring in fresh blood Occlusion of the veins that allow blood to leave, so that fresh blood can flow in Shunting of arterial blood elsewhere ("steal syndromes"; "Robin Hood" syndromes) Systemic causes Failure of the heart to pump enough blood HYPOXEMIA: Too little available oxygen in the blood Oxygen problems ("hypoxic hypoxia") Too little oxygen in the air Failure to properly ventilate the lungs Failure of the lungs to properly oxygenate the blood Failure of the heart to pump enough blood through the lungs Tremendously increased lung dead space (air but no blood, typically due to a pulmonary thromboembolus) Hemoglobin problems ("anemic hypoxia") Inadequate circulating red cell mass ("ANEMIA") Inability of hemoglobin to carry the oxygen (carbon monoxide poisoning, methemoglobinemia) "High affinity" hemoglobins that will not give up their oxygen to the tissues FAILURE OF THE CYTOCHROMES ("histotoxic hypoxia") Cyanide and carbon monoxide poisonings Dinitrophenol poisoning Other curious poisons carbon monoxide suicide; notice cherry-red color;the blackening of the lips is drying, and the epidermis hasslipped off the chin; both indicate a post-mortem interval of a few days.
What are the inhibitors of cell wall synthesis
However, since mitochondriaoriginated from procaryotic cells and have 70S ribosomes, they aresubjectto inhibition by some of the protein synthesis inhibitors includingchloroamphenicol.
Further, when blood flow is restored to damaged cells, the newly-available calciumwill pourthrough the damaged cell membranesand into the mitochondria, killing the cells even faster.