Carbon Nanotubes Synthesis by Chemical Vapor Deposition …

Synthesis of carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor deposition for field emitters

Effect of Acid Treatment on Carbon Nanotube-Based …

AB - The vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) are synthesized in high density on a large area of cobalt deposited silicon oxide substrate, by thermal chemical vapor deposition using C2H2 gas, at 950°C. The diameter of CNTs is distributed in the range of 80-120 nm and the length is about 20 μm. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis reveals that the multiwalled CNTs have the crystalline graphite sheets and the bamboo structure that the tube consists of hollow compartments separated with graphite layers. A possible growth mechanism is suggested to explain the structure of CNTs. The emission current density is 1.1 mA cm-2 at 4.5 V μm-1, showing the Fowler-Nordheim behavior.

C | An Open Access Carbon Research Journal from MDPI

AB - Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) forest synthesis using antenna-type remote plasma chemical vapor deposition (ARPCVD) is presented. A series of synthesis using carbon monoxide gas as carbon feedstock reveals that the remote conditions, in other words, distance between an antenna and a substrate affects the quality of nanotube significantly. That is, far distance geometry on ARPCVD creates high-quality SWNTs. It motivates us to use same methodology for the synthesis using CH 4/H 2 previously proven to make long SWNT forests. Finally, along the methodology, we achieve to make SWNT forest with high-quality and small diameter successfully. This study offers an important suggestion to embody SWNT forests with both length and quality using remote plasma CVD.

N2 - Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) forest synthesis using antenna-type remote plasma chemical vapor deposition (ARPCVD) is presented. A series of synthesis using carbon monoxide gas as carbon feedstock reveals that the remote conditions, in other words, distance between an antenna and a substrate affects the quality of nanotube significantly. That is, far distance geometry on ARPCVD creates high-quality SWNTs. It motivates us to use same methodology for the synthesis using CH 4/H 2 previously proven to make long SWNT forests. Finally, along the methodology, we achieve to make SWNT forest with high-quality and small diameter successfully. This study offers an important suggestion to embody SWNT forests with both length and quality using remote plasma CVD.


Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials

AB - Nitrogen-doped CNTs (N-CNTs) were synthesized using an injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition (IV-CVD) reactor. This type of reactor is quite useful for the continuous mass production of CNTs. In this work, the optimum deposition conditions for maximizing the incorporation of nitrogen were identifed. Ferrocene served as the source of the Fe catalyst and was dissolved in acetonitrile, which served as both the hydrocarbon and nitrogen sources. Diferent concentrations of ferrocene in acetonitrile were introduced into the top of a vertically aligned reactor at a constant flow rate with hydrogen serving as the carrier. The efects of hydrogen flow rate, growth temperature, and catalyst loading (Fe from the ferrocene) on the microstructure, elemental composition, and yield of N-CNTs were investigated. The N-CNTs possessed a bamboo-like microstructure with a nitrogen doping level as high as 14 at.% when using 2.5 to 5 mg/mL of the ferrocene/acetonitrile mixture at 800°C under a 1000 sccm flow of hydrogen. A production rate of 100 mg/h was achieved under the optimized synthesis conditions.

Researche institute in Czech Republic focuses on nanotechnology

N2 - Nitrogen-doped CNTs (N-CNTs) were synthesized using an injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition (IV-CVD) reactor. This type of reactor is quite useful for the continuous mass production of CNTs. In this work, the optimum deposition conditions for maximizing the incorporation of nitrogen were identifed. Ferrocene served as the source of the Fe catalyst and was dissolved in acetonitrile, which served as both the hydrocarbon and nitrogen sources. Diferent concentrations of ferrocene in acetonitrile were introduced into the top of a vertically aligned reactor at a constant flow rate with hydrogen serving as the carrier. The efects of hydrogen flow rate, growth temperature, and catalyst loading (Fe from the ferrocene) on the microstructure, elemental composition, and yield of N-CNTs were investigated. The N-CNTs possessed a bamboo-like microstructure with a nitrogen doping level as high as 14 at.% when using 2.5 to 5 mg/mL of the ferrocene/acetonitrile mixture at 800°C under a 1000 sccm flow of hydrogen. A production rate of 100 mg/h was achieved under the optimized synthesis conditions.

Zinc Oxide—From Synthesis to Application: A Review - MDPI

Nitrogen-doped CNTs (N-CNTs) were synthesized using an injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition (IV-CVD) reactor. This type of reactor is quite useful for the continuous mass production of CNTs. In this work, the optimum deposition conditions for maximizing the incorporation of nitrogen were identifed. Ferrocene served as the source of the Fe catalyst and was dissolved in acetonitrile, which served as both the hydrocarbon and nitrogen sources. Diferent concentrations of ferrocene in acetonitrile were introduced into the top of a vertically aligned reactor at a constant flow rate with hydrogen serving as the carrier. The efects of hydrogen flow rate, growth temperature, and catalyst loading (Fe from the ferrocene) on the microstructure, elemental composition, and yield of N-CNTs were investigated. The N-CNTs possessed a bamboo-like microstructure with a nitrogen doping level as high as 14 at.% when using 2.5 to 5 mg/mL of the ferrocene/acetonitrile mixture at 800°C under a 1000 sccm flow of hydrogen. A production rate of 100 mg/h was achieved under the optimized synthesis conditions.