The Light-Dependent Reactions of Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration is the process of breaking down food molecules to obtain energy and store it in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules.
Plant cells, after creating sugar molecules through photosynthesis, undergo cellular respiration to create ATP molecules.
Products (outputs) of Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis in green plants harnesses the energy of sunlight toconvert carbon dioxide, water, and minerals into organic compoundsand gaseous oxygen.In addition to the green plants, photosynthetic organisms includecertain protists (such as euglenoids and diatoms), cyanophytes(blue-green algae), and various bacteria.
Allphotosynthetic organisms--with the exception of a minor group ofbacteria, the halobacteria--contain the light-absorbing pigmentchlorophyll, which plays a key role in the transfer of energy fromlight to chemical compounds.Photosynthesis is the fundamental process that maintains life onEarth.
What are the reactants and products in the chemical photosynthesis?
The Z Scheme diagram shows the pathway of an electron fromwater (lower right) to NADP+ (upper left). It also shows theenergy relationships which are measured as voltage potentialshown on the scaleon the right. To raise the energy of theelectrons derived from water (+0.82 volts) to the level necessaryto reduce NADP+ to NADPH (-0.32 volts), each electron must beboosted twice (vertical red arrows) by light energy absorbed inPhotosystems I and II. After each boosting , the energizedelectrons flow "downhill" (diagonal black lines) and inthe process transfer some of their energy to a series ofreactions which ultimately adds a phosporus to ADP to producehigh energy ATP and reduces NADP+ to NADPH. There is analternative shunt whereby the electron flow turns back tocytochrome b563 (green line)and this is called and it occurs when there is no need for NADPH, so onlyATP is produced.
Chemical equation for photosynthesis: ..
The plants and cyanobacteria (which use water as a hydrogendonor and produce oxygen) have Photosystems I and II, whereas theless highly evolved other photosynthetic bacteria(which do notuse water as their hydgrogen donor and do not produce oxygen)have only Photosystem I.
Lesson 5-01 - Chemical Equation for Photosynthesis
– Very informative computer animated videos showing the process of photosynthesis. There are two, one for land based plants and one for marine life.
Lesson 5-01 - Chemical Equation for Photosynthesis ..
The protein matterincludes some of the enzymes and coenzymes used in the photosyntheticprocess; the lipid portion contains two types of chlorophyll, alongwith other pigments that assist in absorbing light energy.
Example of Reactants & Products: Like all chemical ..
For each electron flowing from water to NADP+ (a net change in1.14 volts), two quanta of light are absorbed, one by eachPhotosystem. Each molecule of oxygen released involves the flowof four electrons from two water molecules to two NADP+s andrequires four quanta of sunlight absorbed by each Photosystem toprovide the energy to do this. These are the "Light PhaseReactions" of photosynthesis, which produce two high energychemical products, namely NADPH and ATP.