Frustration-aggression hypothesis: examination and reformulation

Miller, N. E. (1941). The frustration-aggression hypothesis. , 48, 337-342

The 1939 Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis ..

What are your TRIGGERs?
Why isn't the aggression always expressed directly at the source of frustration?
Geen 1968:
Based on Psychodynamic principles of
They suggested that something needs to
your aggression.
They called this the:
p298: Give 3 reasons...
The role of environmental cues:
Barker 1941:
Abstract triggers (e.g.

As the frustration-aggression hypothesis falls, so does Davies' theory.

1:52 Frustration-Aggression… 3:01 Berkowitz's ..

This general introduction to the research and theorizing about human aggression seeks to promote understanding of the fundamental causes of destructive conduct, the conditions that can increase the chances of aggressive behavior, and the most effective steps that could be taken to reduce the likelihood of violence in society.

Gurr and Davies notwithstanding, the frustration-aggression hypothesis need not underlie relative deprivation theories.

Dodge and his colleagues have found that more aggressive children have a hostile-attribution bias that leads them to see others as hostile and malevolent; their aggression is then a reaction to this attribution. This hostile-attribution bias is associated with greater sensitivity to cues of hostile intent, greater likelihood of interpreting ambiguous behaviors as hostile, easier access to aggressive scripts, and more practice enacting aggressive behaviors. Dodge is currently testing his theory with a multi-million dollar grant to help highly aggressive children with a kind of cognitive therapy that will change their attributional style.

They further hypothesized a direct positive proportionality between the instigation to aggression and the amount of frustration.

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis - Springer

Try the Methods Apply It - 'Winding them up'
social psychological
The FAH suggests that the frustration creates the aggressive drive, which leads to aggressive behaviour.

Aggression: Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis | …

[F]rustration, as commonly defined, is only one--and not necessarily the most important--factor affecting the expression of aggression.
---- Bandura, 1973:33
Qualifications not withstanding, social scientists, influenced by the frustration-aggression hypothesis, have often made it an assumption in social analysis and theories of relative deprivation.

(1939) frustration-aggression hypothesis

The amount of frustration and
subsequent aggression depends
how near
the individual is
to the goal
when they are blocked.
Berkowitz's Revision of the Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
1Berkowitz contends that aggression is the result of an
between an
internal emotional
state and
external cues
that are available in the environment.

The Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis 1

Sabini, John. (1995). , 2nd Edition. New York: Norton. Chapter 13, "Aggression," provides a succinct and readable comparison of F-A theory and insult-anger theory.

with the original frustration-aggression hypothesis

Insult-anger theory and F-A theory are agreed that impulsive aggression--the experience of anger and the desire to hurt--are linked to noxious experience and the perception of transgression. The issue, unresolved in the literature, is whether the moral appraisal is causal or only rationalization.