The fluidity of the membrane increases to the point where DNA is taken up by the cell.

Bacterial cell structure - Wikipedia

It is used by white blood cells to destroy bacteria and foreign substances.

In Pinocytosis the plasma membrane folds inward, bringing extracellular fluid, into the cell, along with whatever substances are dissolved in the fluid.

In receptor mediated endocytosis, substances bind to receptors in the membrane.

The DNA is swept into the cells as the membranes are temporarily breached.

Structure and Function of Bacterial Cells


1.) the chromosome also called the genome - whichcarries all the information needed to make a functional cell.

To take correctly folded and oligomerized proteins from the ER, a vesicle forms in the transitional elements and includes proteins to be exported, but excludes resident proteins of the ER lumen, such as BiP (20). The coat that causes the vesicle to form is now known as COPII. Yeast COPII contains four subunits, sec31p, sec13p, sec23p, and sec24p (see sec mutants). Assembly of a COPII coat requires a small GTPase, Sar1, and a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Sec12p, in the ER membrane (12) (Fig. 4). The coated vesicle leaving the Golgi carries with it a complement of v-SNARE molecules (see Exocytosis) to allow it to fuse with the cis-Golgi network. In yeast, these are Sec22p, Bos1p, and Bet1p. Resident proteins such as BiP may be excluded from the lumen of the coated vesicle because they are oligomerized into complexes that are too big to enter the small vesicle. To some extent, exported proteins are those that lack a retention signal and so are not retained in the ER. Export of secreted proteins would then be by default, because they lack information to go anywhere else. There is evidence, however, that positive sorting occurs (21) (Fig. 5). In yeast, the secreted protein invertase is recognized by a membrane-bound ER protein (Emp24p) that is required for its transport to the Golgi (22). Furthermore, cargo proteins are concentrated as they leave the ER (23, 24). Since most soluble resident proteins in the ER lumen are not glycosylated, an attractive hypothesis is that exported proteins are recognized by a lectin, which concentrates them in budding vesicles. A protein, ERGIC-53, recycles between the ER and the Golgi and is a lectin with the capacity to bind the mannose residues found on newly synthesized secretory proteins (25). Proteins such as ERGIC-53 might bind secreted proteins and actively carry them to the Golgi complex, in the same way that the mannose phosphate receptor carries newly formed lysosomal enzymes to the prelysosomal compartment.

Exam #1 Structure and function of bacterial cells

Besidestransport proteins that selectivelymediate the passage of substances into and out of the cell, procaryoticmembranes may contain sensing proteins that measureconcentrationsof molecules in the environment or binding proteins thattranslocatesignals to genetic and metabolic machinery in the cytoplasm.

cell wall and plasma membrane ..

A prokaryote doesn’t have a while lto going on besides a cell wall (like one big nucleus) and the DNA code it has inside of it.

The plasma membrane of both types of cells is very similar in function and basic structure.

Because bacterial plasma membranes generally ..

Hence, the plasma membrane is thesiteof oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylationinprocaryotes, analogous to the functions of mitochondria andchloroplastsin eukaryotic cells.

Antibiotics That Affect Bacterial Cell Structure | …

The third portion of a flagellum is the basal body, which anchors the flagellum to the cell wall and plasma membrane.
Most eukaryotic cells have cell walls, although they are generally much simpler than those of prokaryotic cell.
Functions of the primary wall:
Structural and mechanical support
maintain and determine cell shape
resist internal turgor pressure of cell
control rate and direction of growth
regulate diffusion of material through the apoplast

What is one difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic flagella, cilia, cell walls, plasma membranes, and cytoplasm?

Eukaryotic flagella(made of microtubles) is numerous throughout the outer cellular membrane (pospholipid bilayer).

Antibiotics That Affect Bacterial Cell Structure

The outer covering of most bacterial, fungal, algal, and plant cells; consists of of peptidoglycan.
Plasma Membrane
Cell Wall
Flagella, Cell Wall, Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, Ribosomes and Cilia.
By: Jacob Morris, Maxwell Burkhardt, Kiana Cossio


A thin appendage from the surface of a cell; used for cellular locomotion; composed of flagellin in prokaryotic cells and composed of 9+2 microtubules in eukaryotic cells
In a prokaryotic cell, everything inside the plasma membrane; in a eukaryotic cell, everything inside the plasma membrane and extrenal to the nucleus.
A relatively short cellular projection
from some
eukaryotic cells.
The site of protein synthesis in a cell, composed of RNA and protein.
- lack flagella
- distributed over the entire cell
- at one or both poles of the cell
- a single flagellum at one pole
- a tuft of flagella at one pole
- flagella at both poles of the cell
Filament is the long outermost region is constant in diameter and contains the spherical protein flagellin arranged in several chains that intertwine and form a helix around a hollow core.