Broadly speaking, the synoptic gospels are similar to John: ..
A careful treatment of New Testament source criticism, including a brief but clear presentation of the arrangements of the three gospels that are logically possible, given the array of Synoptic data. See especially pp. 115–155.
the chronological order regarding the synoptic Gospels of the New ..
The concerns the literary relationship between the first three "synoptic" gospels of the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The surveys proposed solutions and provides a clearing-house for materials related to its resolution.
Ancient sources are virtually unanimous in ascribing the synoptic gospels to the apostle , 's interpreter , and 's companion , hence their respective canonical names. A remark by at the turn of the fifth century presents the gospels as composed in their canonical order (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John), with each evangelist thoughtfully building upon and supplementing the work of his predecessors—the (Matthew–Mark).
Two-gospel hypothesis - Wikipedia
In the nineteenth century, the tools of were applied to the synoptic problem in earnest, especially in German scholarship. Early work revolved around a hypothetical (), possibly in , underlying the synoptics. From this line of inquiry, however, a consensus emerged that Mark itself was the principal source for the other two gospels—.
The two-gospel hypothesis is that the Gospel of ..
The theory is also well known in a more elaborate form set forth by in 1924, which additionally hypothesized written sources "" and "" for Special Matthew and Special Luke, respectively—hence, the influential . This exemplifies the prevailing scholarship of the time, in which the canonical gospels were seen as late products, from well into the second century, composed by unsophisticated cut-and-paste redactors out of a progression of written sources, derived in turn from oral traditions and folklore that had evolved in various communities. More recently, however, as this view has gradually fallen into disfavor, so too has the centrality of documentary interdependence and hypothetical documentary sources as an explanation for all aspects of the synoptic problem.
The Synoptic Problem & Proposed Solutions
This view (when any model of dependence was considered at all) was seldom questioned until the late eighteenth century, when published a of the gospels. Instead of them, he displayed them side by side, making both similarities and divergences apparent. Griesbach, noticing the special place of Mark in the synopsis, hypothesized Marcan posteriority and advanced (as had a few years earlier) the (Matthew–Luke).